ICVL 2020

Accepted Abstract List


Last updated: 2020-09-30

ICVL motto - C3VIP: "Consistency-Competence-Clarity-Vision-Innovation-Performance"


The full paper to be developed and submitted by SEPTEMBER 10 (at vlada[at]fmi.unibuc.ro)


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ICVL Objective: To promote and develop scientific research for e-Learning, Educational Software and Virtual Reality. To promote and implement the modern ideas for both the initial and continuing education, to promote the team based working, to attract and integrate the young graduates in the Research and Development projects, to promote and implement ICT for initial and adult education activities.
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Nr.crt. / Id.

Name, Title, Affiliation, Country

Section, Title of paper, Abstract of paper

1. OPREA MIHAELA, PhD Professor,
Department of Automatics, Computers and Electronics, Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti,
Romania
mihaela[at]upg-ploiesti.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: An Educational Ontology for Formal Languages and Compilers

Abstract: Two fundamental courses for Computer Science and Informatics specializations are Formal languages and Compilers. Other courses are based on them, such as, computer programming, programming languages, artificial intelligence, natural languages processing, intelligent interfaces etc. Identifying and defining the basic and advanced concepts from the domains of Formal languages and Compilers as well as the relationships between the concepts under the form of an educational ontology can provide useful knowledge to be shared by undergraduate students as well as by computer science and informatics specialists. The paper presents an educational ontology for the domains of Formal Languages and Compilers that was developed with Protégé, in the OWL format, and some potential applications.
2. RADU RĂDESCU, PhD Professor
RALUCA MĂNOIU, Master degree student
Applied Electronics and Information Engineering Department, University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest,
Romania
radu.radescu[a]upb.ro
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: e-work platform for automatic creation and intelligent task management in collaborative applications

Abstract: This paper proposes a web application that provides adaptive pen management for the activities within a university or an IT company, in order to facilitate the work of employees and to improve the learning and internal development process. The proposed system is focused on planning, organization and, last but not least, on improving performance. Teamwork is an important factor for the success of any project, both in education and in industry. As a result, developing an efficient team is one of the essential responsibilities of an educational or administrative manager. Teamwork amplifies the results of each member so that the overall result is superior to the individual contributions made by each individual member.
In order to promote high performance and effective teamwork it is necessary to clearly define the project objectives for all team members, to ensure that all members understand the assigned tasks and, last but not least, to encourage collaboration, which in the proposed application is represented by feedback. In order to be more efficient in terms of the activities required for a university or an IT company, it is necessary to automate these processes, so there is a need for a software system that includes all these activities, to help minimize the time required to carry out activities, as well as providing users with a friendly and easy-to-use interface.
Most existing platforms are mostly project management and not task management or employee performance improvement. The main objective of this paper is to provide a software solution in this regard for a university or an IT company. This solution aims to facilitate the work of employees through the functionalities it provides. Taking into account the observed, it is deduced the need to create a compact application that has functionalities for task management and performance improvement.
The system thus achieved manages to achieve its proposed objective, successfully managing the activities within an educational or economic organization. The objectives proposed for this paper were achieved by building an intelligent system, which offers the possibility of managing projects, tasks, project and task assignment processes, as well as allowing the feedback process between employees. Regarding the analysis of the projects, the platform allows to view reports that help to draw conclusions and make appropriate decisions. The purpose of feedback is to improve employee performance and optimize the operation of relationships between them.
The architecture of the proposed application is designed to provide users with an intuitive, friendly and easy-to-learn graphical interface, by building it with the help of advanced IT technologies and tools that can meet the desired development requirements. The proposed tools are simple to use, open source, and with well-designed documentation. Task management has a huge impact on the way projects are carried out within a university or company and knowing that IT systems of this type are frequently subject to extensions, the proposed platform is designed to allow for further developments.
It can be said that the application is designed to give users the opportunity to do their job easier and get better performance after working in a team. The platform is easy to expand, thanks to the organization on layers, the addition of new components being facilitated by the implemented design, and users who tested the application were generally pleased with this platform.
In the current new context, any change, regardless of whether it comes from the educational, economic, social, political, etc. environment, is acutely felt by most universities and companies. This has led to situations where decisions can no longer be made on the basis of assumptions. Therefore, this paper includes how to implement the concepts of a Business Intelligence system to meet these important conditions. Thus, the implemented system contributes significantly to avoiding decision-making blockages that may occur within an educational or business organization.
3. VLADA MARIN, PhD Assoc. Professor,
University of Bucharest,
România
vlada[at]fmi.unibuc.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: ROINFO 2018-2020 project "Romanian Informatics" - 60 years of Romanian informatics

Abstract: The article describes the results obtained by developing the national project ROINFO 2018-2020 "Romanian Informatics". Through studies and research activities, numerous arguments have been brought in "deciphering" the phenomenon of Romanian informatics. Some aspects were known, others not, and those that were known were known by very few people, students and pupils. Results that Romania should be proud of: 1. In 1953-1954, Romania ranked third in the world, after the USA and the USSR, in the research activity on "Theory of switching circuits" - according to the number of articles, applications of mathematical logic in technical (Grigore C. Moisil, CCUB Activity, AMC magazine, Technical Publishing House, no. 13-14, 1970); 2. In the period 1955-1957, Romania designed and built its first electronic digital computer (1957, CIFA 1 computer), by a team led by Eng. Victor Toma, at the Institute of Atomic Physics (IFA) - Măgurele Bucharest; 3. Romania was the 8th country in the world to design and build an electronic computer (1957) and the 11th country in the world to build an electronic computer with transistors (1963).
4. VLADA MARIN, PhD Assoc. Professor,
University of Bucharest,
România
vlada[at]fmi.unibuc.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Priorities in Cybernetics, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence. About the beginnings of world and Romanian informatics

Abstract: Following studies and research within the ROINFO 2018-2020 project (Romanian Informatics) conclusions have been reached that must be known by the world scientific world. These conclusions refer to the emergence and development of Informatics in the world and in Romania. The role of some nations in the emergence and development of Informatics worldwide are highlighted, through the joint efforts of scientists - pioneers of Computing (Computer Science and Computer)s: mathematicians, physicists, engineers, cyberneticists, economists, psychologists, etc. From the conclusions of the ROINFO project, some facts unknown until today in the history of world informatics have been reached. For example, Romania can be proud of a "Romanian Informatics" because through the scientists from 1953-1970 it contributed to the development of researches regarding the construction of the modern computer, managing to build their own Romanian computers. Between 1953-1954, Romania ranks third in the world, after the USA and USSR, in the research activity on Theory of switching circuits - according to the number of articles (Grigore C. Moisil). Romania was the eighth country in the world designing and building an electronic computer (1957) and the 11th country in the world, which built an electronic computer with transistors. (1963). Therefore, comparing the scientific results and the contributions of scientists in the development of Informatics and computers, it can highlight the priorities of some researchers and scientists, worldwide or nationally. These priorities refer to Cybernetics - the science of systems, without which Informatics and the construction of computers would not have been possible. There is also evidence and results on some concepts and aspects regarding the vision of some scientists for the emergence and development of Artificial Intelligence - complex field for building intelligent machines and systems that simulate intelligent human behavior in solving complex decision-making problems.

Keywords: Cybernetics, Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Informatics

About the beginnings of world and Romanian Informatics (In Romanian) - http://www.c3.cniv.ro/?q=2020/prioritati

5. ALTINAY FAHRIYE, PhD Professor,
MERYEM BASTAS, PhD Candidate,
ZEHRA ALTINAY, PhD Professor,
GOKMEN DAGLI, PhD Professor,
MEHMET ALTINAY, PhD Professor,
Graduate School of Educational Sciences, Societal Research and Development Center,
Near East University, University of Kyrenia
fahriye.altinay[at]neu.edu.tr
Section: IntelEDU
Title of paper: Evaluation on Prospective Teachers Views about Developing Social Responsibilities Related to Community Service Practices Course in the Digital Connected Society

Abstract: The aim of this study is to evaluate the situation of understanding and awareness of social responsibilities in the scope of community service practices course within the digital connected society. As technology plays a great role to shape the structure of the society, Faculty of Education prospective teachers in the departments of Special Education, Psychological Counselling and Guidance, Teaching Turkish Language and English Language Teaching as a new generation reflected their understanding. In this study qualitative method is used. The study group of this research is formed from 60 participants of prospective teachers from Kyrenia University Faculty of Education from the departments of Special Education, Psychological Counselling and Guidance, Teaching Turkish Language and English Language. In the content of findings it is significantly effective when growing up individuals who are hopeful from the future and it contributes to gain the awareness of responsibility to individuals, it provides abilities such as to look at the incidents in the society from different point of view and to gain creativity, it provides union with individuals and society, with social responsibility projects compassion, respect and reliance develops among the individuals, it develops and strengthen behaviours like to empathize in the society, to make sacrifice, philanthropy in individuals, it also conglutinates among individuals and it decreases the discrimination is found in the research. It can be said that according to the findings in the projects that has been done there were problems about time management that it should be planned perfectly and to overcome financial matters to find sponsors form institutions and organisations is needed. In addition to this, for students in order to be more successful in the projects and more creative and to be more self confident it needs to be given courses substantially. Besides it is thought that it will be useful to organise seminars, conferences to raise social sensitivity of prospective teachers. They underlined technology and social media support their activities to be more connected and enhance awareness. In this respect, public authorities should support the case of legislative regulations to do the projects.
6. YIKICI BETUL, PhD Candidate,
ALTINAY FAHRIYE, PhD Professor,
ZEHRA ALTINAY, PhD Professor,
GOKMEN DAGLI, PhD Professor,
Graduate School of Educational Sciences, Societal Research and Development Center,
Near East University, University of Kyrenia
fahriye.altinay[at]neu.edu.tr
Section: IntelEDU
Title of paper: The evaluation of school principals readiness for technology on school development and strategic planning

Abstract: The purpose of this research is to find out the perceptions of stakeholders on school principals' readiness for technology on school development and strategic planning. It is also aimed to present the job description and tasks of school principals, expectations from the headmasters, stakeholders' thoughts about the current principal appointment system, the perception of professional development of the headmasters, the expectation of the Ministry of National Education and Culture from school principals, their projects regarding strategic planning and school development in their schools based on the stakeholders.
In this study, the case study method was used within the framework of the qualitative research approach. The data was collected by interview technique and document analysis (research diary) was used to analyse the data. The findings were completed by document analysis and analysed by content analysis. The results of the research are as follows: (1) school administrators are defined as organizers by a large part of the stakeholders and they are considered as everything in the school. (2) Stakeholders agree that the school director is perceived as the organizer of education and training activities. (3) The duties and responsibilities of the school administrator according to school principals; to organize the physical infrastructure of the school, to set a vision, to plan and to motivate teachers, to make school planning according to the assistant teachers and teachers and to provide the organization by distributing the course programs.
7. ZEHRA ALTINAY, PhD Professor,
OZKIRAN UMIT, PhD,
ALTINAY FAHRIYE, PhD Professor,
GOKMEN DAGLI, PhD Professor,
Graduate School of Educational Sciences, Societal Research and Development Center,
Near East University, University of Kyrenia
zehra.altinaygazi[at]neu.edu.tr
Section: IntelEDU
Title of paper: Examination of Health Services for Citizens: A case of Accessibility and Disability for the Equality

Abstract: Accessibility for social and health services upon digital transformation is necessary for disabled citizens. Information technologies and automation system in accessing services help disabled citizens reach services upon equality and standards for health and social concerns. However, accessibility to services through automation systems are restricted and could not be performed in developing countries. The aim of the study is to reveal the health services for disabled citizens upon accessibility and automation. The study relies on qualitative research which documentary analysis and self-report reflection of authorities form upon themes were employed. Automation and accessibility models and practice of social and health services from literature and workshop results revealed and compared with the results. System and welfare for the developing country needs automation and accessible services for disabled citizens. Physical and web accessibility create a big dilemma to reach services that needs to be considered urgently by governmental and institutional authorities.
8. SCIPANOV LUCIAN VALERIU, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
SCIPANOV DĂNUȚA MĂDĂLINA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
National Defence University "Carol I" Bucharest,
Romania
shcipio[at]yahoo.com
Section: IntelEDU
Title of paper: E-learning technologies, necessary but not sufficient in military sciences

Abstract: In this approach I set out to identify the necessity and sufficiency of innovative technologies used in the educational process of the military sciences field. For that I have established the thesis of this study "the technologies are necessary but not sufficient". I often wonder what the role of an E-learning technology is, what these technologies are and how it influences the teaching-learning process in such a particular field. I consider the emergence of new disrupted technology in e-learning may be the subject of a paradigm. Thus, that using innovation in the teaching-learning process is a brave practice, but it has two parts. On the one hand, there is the resilience of the system and on the other hand the opportunity of a new teaching-learning method. We must admit that most of the times the technologies in the e-learning field are innovative, therefore, I will start from the hypothesis that the use of e-learning technologies is necessary, even recommended. I also think that e-learning technologies are not enough. To accomplish the purpose of the paper, I will use the following main research methods: the SWOT analysis and the 5 R theory with which I intend to validate my proposed thesis.
9. SCIPANOV LUCIAN VALERIU, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
SCIPANOV DĂNUȚA MĂDĂLINA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
National Defence University "Carol I" Bucharest,
Romania
shcipio[at]yahoo.com
Section: IntelEDU
Title of paper: Possibilities of choosing innovative e-learning technologies

Abstract: The purpose of this approach is to present and validate some possibilities of choosing innovative e-learning technologies that we can use in the teaching-learning process in the field of military sciences. I consider that in the conditions of a modern university education that is adapted to the most demanding requirements regarding the quality and performance of the teaching act, technology is an important factor during the educational activity in the higher military education. The peculiarity of the military sciences field is that the teaching-learning process, even if it uses specific innovative e-learning technologies, is also based on practical activities, which cannot be entirely carried out using only these technologies. Therefore, within this approach I proposed to achieve two objectives of the research, carrying out two case studies using two models of analysis (ACTION and SECTIONS mehods) through which to offer two options for choosing a technology necessary for the educational process.
10. IVANA IVANIC, PhD Assist. Prof.,
ZOLTAN GELER, PhD Assist. Prof.,
Department of Romanian Studies, Department of Media Studies
serbia
ivana.ivanic[at]ff.uns.ac.rs
Section: IntelEDU
Title of paper: Assessing the computer literacy of university students: a Case Study

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present result gained at Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad, related to the online research through questionnaires with offered questions. The questionnaires is made with and idea about assessing students' prior knowledge in computer literacy. As an American scientist Norbert Wiener said: if we apply the knowledge of cybernetics in didactics then teaching can be observed as a system of transferring information through various communication models. He further said that the structure of the system for transferring information comprises: the source of information (science, scientists), the transmitter (teacher), media which transfers information (textbooks, professional literature, computer, computer programs, internet sources...) and the receiver (student). In reality this system is much more complex and relationship between the elements of the system are complex, variable and dependent on many social, scientific and technological flows but also dependent on changeable states of personality of a student and a teacher. Thus, the authors came up with the idea to test students' background in information literacy in 2018/2019. The test contained 14 questions for the first ECDL module (computers and windows). After completing the online questionnaire, data were processed and analyzed. The conclusion is that only 50 percents of students have a computer literacy background.The question arises whether students know the terms used in such research and whether the practical work would produce different results. Students in today's digital world have basic computer literacy, it is not enough just to gain basic computer knowledge, also to know terms related to this field.
11. IVANA IVANIC, PhD Assist. Prof.,
LAURA SPARIOSU, PhD Assist. Prof.,
DANIEL SORIN VINTILA, PhD Prof.,
Department of Romanian Studies,
Serbia
ivana.ivanic[at]ff.uns.ac.rs
Section: IntelEDU
Title of paper: Digital Humanities in Practice: Good Practice Examples at the Faculty of Philosophy University of Novi Sad

Abstract: Many behavioral, cognitive and humanistic theories of teaching and learning interpret educational communication differently. Structure, planning and teaching process has also been explained in recent times by didactic theories which are based on the theory of information and communication, cybernetics, curriculum and the specific understanding of system, educational structure and education. The aim of this paper is to present research conducted at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad in 2019. Since it is increasingly talked about digital humanities and the application of elearning in the process of teaching and learning in social sciences, it is the authors' intention to explore examples of good practice among teachers. In the age of electronic publishing, many of us have become accustomed to immediate access from anywhere, via computer networks, to authoritative, scholarly resources. For most of us, our institutions provide this access, it costs us nothing, and we seldom need to think about availability. Teaching in general, and the teaching of computer science can be organized and therefore studied in terms of cybernetic didactic theory, in other words, system's theory and communication models. Survey was conducted among teachers who apply new methods in teaching and they were asked to answer on the following questions: what is digital humanities, what is elearning, how do they apply new methods, do they follow standards, what standards do they apply, should they change something in the process of applying of elearning methods, what platforms they use etc. The results of the survey showed that a more than 80 percents of respondents, actually teachers, do not recognize the standards, that they actually know little about the term digital humanities and elearning.
12. PARASCHIVEANU VIRGIL, Executive Director,
Center for Applied Education,
Romania
ivana.ivanic[at]ff.uns.ac.rs
Section: IntelEDU
Title of paper: Reputation management in higher education

Abstract: Research has shown that a university's reputation is a major priority for academics changing jobs and is the top consideration for internationally mobile students, above tuition fees and course content. Reputation is also key in attracting collaborative partnerships and funding from alumni, philanthropists and industry. Reputations can soon be built and lost in our technologically connected world where information travels fast and can impact globally. If a university thrives, the value of its brand increases, in turn attracting the best academics, students and increased funding. This paper will review the theme of reputation management in higher education and take the discussion towards organization development.The article will also host an argument about international rankings of universities.
13. PARASCHIVEANU VIRGIL, Executive Director,
Center for Applied Education,
Romania
ivana.ivanic[at]ff.uns.ac.rs
Section: M&M
Title of paper: From university to reality: higher education' transformation roadmaps

Abstract: The paper is designed to outline process and act as a refference guide for those contributing to assessing and developing potential strategies for reshaping universities social and economic role, within the context of globalization, education business disruptiveness and digital education industry' growth, impacting organizational learning, competence and market integration to university graduates.
14. SHIVACHEVA-PINEDA IVANKA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Faculty of education, Trakia university Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
ivanka.shivacheva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: E-Learning as a mono technology in a pandemic

Abstract:The paper presents an attempt for a critical analysis of e-learning as a mono-educational technology in a pandemic. The subject of the study is the impact of the critical epidemic situation caused by COVID-19 in 2020 on the theoretical university training of students-pedagogues. The indisputable possibilities, advantages, but also limitations in the course of the e-learning, realized through various forms of electronic environment, are emphasized. Based on the analysis, the following conclusions can be drawn:
- indisputable advantages of e-learning as an assistive technology for the theoretical university training of students pedagogues;
- indisputable advantages of e-learning as a mono technology for the theoretical university preparation of students pedagogues in conditions of crisis and impossibility for face-to-face training;
- e-learning, implemented as mono technology, is unsuitable for the theoretical university training of students pedagogues in normal conditions, due to a number of limitations and shortcomings.
15. ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA (1), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
MĂGERUŞAN ADRIANA (2), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
MEDEŞAN SILVIU (3), PhD,
MAROȘI ZOLTAN (3), PhD Candidate,
URSU COSMINA-DANIELA (1), MSc Student,
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA (4), PhD Prof.,
Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
(1) Faculty of Geography,
(2) Someş Delivery and Faculty of Architecture & Urban Planning, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca,
(3) Colectiv A collaborator, Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Geography, Centre for Research on Settlements and Urbanism
(4) Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education,
Romania
ilovanoana[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Learning about ICT-based Collaborative Practices in Urban Regeneration

Abstract: This paper starts from a research topic approached within an internal fellowship in Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The project, Smart Collaborative Practices in Urban Regeneration in Cluj-Napoca, assessed the necessity that the local university provides innovative services using ICT, in cooperation with local NGOs, that would support the development of the local community. As part of the project, we present the stages of an online research on urban regeneration collaborative practices which use the ICT, through which local communities are activated to take part at the decision-making process concerning their development. Therefore, our aim was to identify, present and analyse the web-based resources (i.e. good practice examples) available for such collaborative practices including ICT, from the perspective of what university geography students could learn, when in service learning, field trips, and field research were not possible. This was the case of the fellowship project that was implemented in March and April 2020, which overlapped over the lockdown period in Romania, caused by the COVID-19 health and societal crises. In addition, we present the results of the fellowship project and their use in further activities involving the ICT and various stakeholders in local development (i.e. the academia, the local NGOs, and the citizens).
16. BOGDAN MIHAI, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Computer Science and Electrical Engineering Department, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu,
Romania
mihai.bogdan[at]ulbsibiu.ro
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Home Alarm System with Arduino and LabVIEW

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to create a functional system in terms of hardware and software, to create a home alarm system. The system can monitor the following parameters: temperature, possible gas emissions, the presence of smoke as a result of a fire, as well as the audible warning of exceeding normal values and also the ventilation of the house.
This system will be built using the Arduino Mega 2560 development platform, and programming will be done using the LabVIEW graphical programming. Hardware resources that will be used in the paper are: Arduino Mega 2560, two LM35 Precision Centigrade Temperature Sensors, the MQ-2 smoke sensor that is sensitive to smoke and to the flammable gases, the MQ-135 Air Quality Sensor, the MQ-5 Gas Sensor sensitive for LPG, natural gas, coal gas, the DC 12V Brushless Cooling Fan, a breadboard, a buzzer, 2 LEDS with 2 x suitable resistors for to limit the current through LEDs (220 Ohms is fine) and connecting wires.
The results will be displayed through the serial interface on the computer, in the LabVIEW program.
17. BOGDAN MIHAI, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Computer Science and Electrical Engineering Department, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu,
Romania
mihai.bogdan[at]ulbsibiu.ro
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Heating and Ventilation System with Arduino and LabVIEW

Abstract: This system aims to control the heating and ventilation system of the home, using the LabVIEW graphical programming environment. The system consists of a temperature sensor, 2 control circuits and the Arduino mega 2560 platform, which will control the entire system. The first control circuit is used to start a fan for cooling the house, and the second control circuit is used to operate a relay of the boiler for heating the house.
This system works like a thermostat, so it will keep the house at the set (desired) temperature. The temperature sensor measures the temperature inside the house and if the temperature is lower than the set one, Arduino activates the boiler relay to start heating the house. After reaching the set temperature, the heating of the house is stopped. The same thing happens if the temperature of the room is higher than the set temperature, Arduino controls the fan to cool the room.
18. ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Geography,
Romania
ilovanoana[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Feedforward for University Geographical Online Education during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Abstract: During the COVID-19 pandemic period in Romania, traditional face to face education was replaced by online education realised on a series of platforms and employing web-based methods. This transformed it into distance education. Starting from papers published worldwide on e-learning during the period when schools and universities were closed because of the health crisis, we created a list of recommendations concerning geographical online education at the university level. To achieve this aim, a SWOT analysis is performed on web-based methods in online education. Our personal experience on the subject is also considered. Challenges are discussed from the perspectives of both professors and students and solutions are identified. Conclusions emphasize the benefits of online education when appropriate web-based methods are employed.
19. VEREȘ SANDA (1), PhD Candidate,
MAGDAȘ IOANA (1), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA (2), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA (1), PhD Prof.,
URSU COSMINA-DANIELA (2), MSc Student,
Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
(1) Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education,
(2) Faculty of Geography,
Romania
cosmina.d.ursuăatîgmail.com
ilovanoana[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Educational Platforms and Animation Films during Natural Sciences Classes. A Comparative Study

Abstract: In the current context, transformations are taking place in the educational process, that require the use of digital devices in education and the evolution towards the digital school. These changes involve the adaptation and accessibility of content and the use of digital study tools in an informational environment, which offers the possibility of efficient collaboration and communication between all the involved factors: teachers, students, and parents. The active involvement of students in e-learning is imperiously necessary. Teachers are facing more problems in choosing the most efficient and favourable learning environment, the most appropriate tools and multimedia products (animation films, in this case), to increase interactivity in the virtual environment. In this research, we compared the attributes of the educational platforms Wand Education and LIVRESQ, we analysed how they could be used in teaching natural sciences lessons in primary school and how animation films could be integrated into lessons, and created by the teacher using these platforms. We found that lesson preparation for online activities using educational platforms required a sustained effort from the teacher and average knowledge of IT use, that students needed support from the teacher to use these platforms so that the learning process could be a systematic, efficient, and in-depth one.
20. VEREȘ SANDA (1), PhD Candidate,
MAGDAȘ IOANA (1), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA (1), PhD Prof.,
ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA (2), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
TODERAŞ ALINA (3), MSc Student,
Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
(1) Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education,
(2) Faculty of Geography,
(3) “Ferdinand I” Military Technical Academy and “Elie Carafoli” National Institute for Aerospace Research, Bucharest,
Romania
magdas_ioana[at]yahoo.com
ilovanoana[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Animation Films in Studying Some Natural Phenomena and Forming Representations

Abstract: Animation films that focus on narrative themes are frequently watched by pupils, while animation films that focus on natural phenomena are fewer and less watched by children. The purpose of this study is to analyse a learning activity that uses a film about the consequences of the Earth’s rotation and revolution movement: the formation of days and nights and the formation of seasons. We analysed the following: how the interactivity of lessons could be increased by using the animation film; how to turn the animation film into an interactive multimedia product so that the learner had the opportunity to receive and to send feedback and additional information; the way of transforming the act of learning into a personalized, individualized one.
21. ILIE ANA-SIMONA (1), PhD Candidate,
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA (1), PhD Prof.,
RĂCĂŞAN BIANCA SORINA (1), PhD Assistant Prof.,
ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA (2), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
MAGDAȘ IOANA (1), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
(1) Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education,
(2) Faculty of Geography,
Romania
bianca_racasan[at]yahoo.com
ilovanoana[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Educational Films in Understanding the Relations of Organisms with Their Living Environment

Abstract: The purpose of this research is to analyse how a film taken from the YouToube website is used in a learning activity. The content of the film refers to the adaptation to their environment, during the winter, of the creatures that live in the forest. An online experiment was organized, structured in several stages: initial testing, learning activities, and final testing. Based on the film analysis, on the activities that were carried out and on the primary school pupils’ results, we identified the teacher’s didactic strategies and we established the efficiency of using the film. Solutions are proposed to increase the efficiency of online activities and ways to solve the identified problems.
22. ANTAL MARIA-IRINA (1), PhD Candidate,
ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA (2), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA (1), PhD Prof.,
CIUPE IOANA ALEXANDRA (2), PhD Candidate,
VOICU CRISTINA-GEORGIANA (3), PhD,
Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
(1) Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education,
(2) Faculty of Geography,
(3) “Titu Maiorescu” Secondary School, Iași and Romanian Geographical Society, Iași branch
Romania
alexandra.ciupeăatîyahoo.com
ilovanoana[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Selecting Photographs from Web Sources for Online Learning Activities

Abstract: The research starts from the finding that primary school teachers have difficulties in choosing photographs for online learning activities. In order to investigate these difficulties and the causes that determine them, the first author, teacher for primary education, conducted an internet search and chose five photographs for several topics in the field of geography (rural settlements, urban settlements, landforms, running waters, lakes and others). For comparison, another researcher in the group, with competences in the didactics of geography, chose another suite of photographs. Based on the comparison of the two groups of photographs, similarities and differences were identified. During the discussions with the two researchers, we identified the reasons for choosing the photographs and the difficulties. At the end of the research, we identified several causes that determined the inappropriate choice of photographs for a certain topic.
23. TONCHO KOLEV, PhD Assistant Prof.,
ZLATEV ZLATIN, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
zlatin.zlatev[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Design of a System to Improve Technical Training Equipment Performance

Abstract: When using automatic bread machines for research and practical exercises in the field of automation and food technology, there is no complete compliance of the obtained results with those in real production conditions, as well as meeting the technological requirements laid down in the normative documents for bread production. In the present work, through the analysis of the technological object - a baking chamber in an automatic bread machine – a precise control system is proposed, replacing the relay controller, which is more commonly used by the manufacturers.
24. DESPOT KATERINA (1), PhD Prof.,
SANDEVA VASKA (1), PhD Prof.,
VASILEV MIROSLAV (2), PhD,
(1) University of Goce Delcev, Stip, Republic of Northern Macedonia
(2) Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
miro8611[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Color as One of the Supporting Elements of Training in Minimalism

Abstract: Minimalism is a style that suggests a method of reduction, where all design elements are reduced to their necessary size and shape. In addition to the mentioned feature, it is important to understand how effective color is in minimalist spaces and what kind of a role color plays in those interior spaces. The study also explored minimalist interiors, and performed a statistical analysis of minimalist interiors in the Republic of Northern Macedonia. This specific study, at first explains minimalism, beginning with its relation to design, interior design, art and color. Color is an important element of design and has a special role in interior design. Therefore, literature has been reviewed, in order to analyze these minimalist interiors, color, design and interior design.
25. SANDEVA VASKA (1), PhD Prof.,
DESPOT KATERINA (1), PhD Prof.,
SHIVACHEVA GALYA (2), PhD,
(1) University of Goce Delcev, Stip, Republic of Northern Macedonia
(2) Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
galya.shivacheva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Learning of Modern Interiors with Eclectic Movements

Abstract: Interest in training in the field of fine, applied arts and design has grown in recent years in Bulgaria. This is a prerequisite to look for new and innovative methods to be applied in this field of knowledge. The innovative method that is proposed is Eclectic in the use of elements of different periods in one piece. This makes the closed space filled with dramatic energy that closes and opens at the same time modern interior. One design to be good, he himself besides creativity, decorative, beauty and modernity should wear and functionality. Eclectic approach to thinking that one does not fully comply with the same paradigms or conclusions, and takes into account various theories to gain a comprehensive view of any phenomenon or to apply a theory. Whether in eclectic modern decor?
26. NEDEVA VESELINA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
DINEVA SNEJANA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
veselina.nedeva[at]trakia-uni.bg
snezhana.dineva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Advantages and disadvantages of virtual and classical training experience gained from COVID-19 pandemic

Abstract: During COVID-19 pandemic restriction, the Trakia University closed and transmitted education in virtual learning environment using Moodle online platform and G Suit offered free from Google. At the beginning, that situation created shock in academic staff and students. Many professors and assistants did not know would they be capable to cope with requirements of situation or not. However, the governance of university gave immediate support as links for training, orders, definitions how is adequate to continue learning process, how should keep track with students and administration and so on. Moreover, the support and instructions were given to academic who has not been familiar with online platform to learn how to create and spread lectures, exercises, training quizzes, and how to build stable virtual channel with the students. It was needed just one-week and distant online training settled successfully in Trakia University. Because of that pandemic event, the virtual learning environment in the university enlarged and enriched with new digital information and possibilities to conduct lectures and exams through the video connections of virtual classrooms. Both academic staff and students became more familiar to work in digital environment and gain new knowledge. Furthermore, students were strongly engaged to the new situation and were supportive. The students created virtual communities as closed groups in Facebook, Messenger, e-mails, and phone calls. The lecture attendance rose due to epidemic restrictions and the recommendation «stay home, safe life». The distant learning flourished, students showed high responsibility making different homework’s and tasks, they were very precise coming on time at virtual meetings, and on the end, the exam results were better. Nevertheless, the real communication was missing them; the advantages were more free time and working from any place where WiFi has.

Keywords: online education, advantages, disadvantages, COVID-19 pandemic.

27. DINEVA SNEJANA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
NEDEVA VESELINA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
veselina.nedeva[at]trakia-uni.bg
snezhana.dineva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Students’ activity in conditions of COVID-19

Abstract: The pandemic situation accelerated synchronous and asynchronous online teaching, training, and assessments that enhance students’ activity in the virtual learning environment (VLE). Compared with the blended learning, the students’ activity in the VLE amplifies due to the prohibited meetings and restricted social life replaced with implementation of virtual classroom. During quarantine, the students from Trakia University attended virtual classrooms created with BigBlueButtonBN in Moodle or using Google meeting. They followed the announcement published online, like notice on the course page or in Facebook, or in messenger. The social isolation did not has adverse effect on the study process in the university. Controversy, many new online resources were prepared and applied, students and teaching gain new knowledge and experience to work in VLE and communicate through audio and videoconference connections, and meetings. The Trakia e-University well coped with the pandemic situation, following the instructions of the governance and using Moodle online platform with well-organized curriculum courses for departments and units, with lectures, e-books and tests for self-training. The academic staff received adequate support and efficient training to use the possible online tools for managing and admitting teaching.

Keywords: on-line learning, distant learning, students’ activity, COVID-19

28. BESSCHETNOVA OKSANA, PhD Prof.,
Department of Social Work, Russian State Social University,
Russia
oksanabesschetnova[at]yandex.ru
Section: ItelEdu
Title of paper: The Influence of Digital Technologies on Modern Youth’s Physical and Mental Health

Abstract: The article explores the relationship between screen time and physical and mental health of young people, such as visual impairment, sleeplessness, eating disorders, as well as Internet addiction, loneliness, and depression.
The article contains the results of the survey, conducted in November-December 2019 in Russia (Saratov region) among university students aged 18-22 (n=386) to identify the connection between virtual communication in social networks and the youth’s mental health. The main research method was a survey. The questionnaire consisted of 25 questions, which were divided into four blocks: 1) the amount of screen time daily; 2) subjective attitude towards virtual friendship and communication; 3) characteristics of individuals, communicating with online; 4) the attitude to online communication as a way to overcome loneliness.
As a result, on-line activity of young people does not lead to the development of sociability, building real friendships or romantic relationships, it takes a lot of time, enhancing the feeling of loneliness and provoking the emergence of depression.
The author highlights the problem areas that impede the effective solution of these problems: the ambiguity of the experts’ opinions regarding the impact of digital technology on the development of modern teenagers and youth; the conflict of interests between providers, business structures, advertisers and minor users; poor Internet literacy of parents and educators compared with modern teenagers and youth that hinders the development of adequate technologies for early detection, prevention and providing assistance to minors who could become real or potential victims of cybercrime.
29. TRIPON CRISTINA, PhD Researcher,
POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest, Teacher Training and Social Sciences Department,
Romania
cristina.tripon[at]upb.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: The Trends shaping education- measuring students attitudes bringing technology in the classroom

Abstract: Education is evolving at a faster pace than any other period in recent history. Because of this, it’s more important than ever to understand how and where it’s changing so that educators and schools can support students in preparing for challenges and careers that don’t exist today.
This report aims to identify and examine research-based by bringing technology to the usage in the classroom, in a technical university. The results are referring to the students' attitudes and the learners' experiences with technology, used for educational purposes.
30. TRIPON CRISTINA, PhD Researcher,
POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest, Teacher Training and Social Sciences Department,
Romania
cristina.tripon[at]upb.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Challenges of teaching - personalized students learning by using video tools

Abstract: Research in the field of education highlights the fact that teachers, in a significant proportion, continue to favor traditional rather than modern teaching strategies and are still dependent on methodological clichés that negatively influence curriculum implementation. Education and training systems need to be modernized to strengthen their efficiency and quality and to give people the skills and competencies they need to succeed in the labor market. Contemporary education systems are under increasing pressure from so-called "global challenges". More than ever, the immense opportunities for personal and social knowledge and affirmation of the individual and the spectacular advancement of science and technology contrast with economic polarization, mistrust, and violence, with the higher problems of natural resources and climate change.
The paper is based on quantitative and qualitative research data, collected in March-June 2020. The results are related to the new video skills of teachers, in a pandemic period and to the role of these tools to personalized student's experience in online teaching.
31. DRĂGHICI FLORENTIN (1,2), PhD Student,
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA (1), PhD Prof.,
ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA (3), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
VOICU CRISTINA-GEORGIANA (4), PhD,
(1) Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca (2) Reconstrucția” Kindergarten of “Petru Rareș” Highschool, Feldioara, Brasov,
(3) Faculty of Geography, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
(4) “Titu Maiorescu” Secondary School, Iași and Romanian Geographical Society, Iași branch,
Romania
voicucristina2004[at]yahoo.fr
Section: M&M
Title of paper: E-learning Natural Sciences and Visual Imagery

Abstract: The research aim is to analyse an online learning activity based on an original training model and the pre-schoolers’ learning outcomes. For this activity, a narrative text and a PowerPoint presentation regarding the environment of a rural household, the domestic birds and the relations between them and their living environment were created. The assessment of children’s knowledge was done through a game adapted to the online environment. The following were studied: the text of the story, the PowerPoint product, the learning activity, the children’ results, and the learning efficiency as a result of using the respective audio-visual product.
32. BUDA PAULA MARIA (1,2), PhD Student,
BUDA IANCU-IONUŢ (3), PhD Student,
ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA (4), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA (1), PhD Prof.,
HORVATH CSABA (4), PhD Lecturer,
IVAN RAMONA (5), PhD Lecturer,
(1) Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
(2) “Avram Iancu” Theoretical Highschool, Cluj-Napoca
(3) Faculty of Orthodox Theology, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
(4) Faculty of Geography, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
(5) Department of Geography, Faculty of Chemistry, Biology and Geography, West University of Timișoara,
Romania
ramona.ivan[at]e-uvt.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Learning through Discovery in the Online Environment. Examples, Principles, Advantages, and Difficulties

Abstract: The aim of this research is to analyse how generation Z children learn through discovery, using the Internet as a source, and to identify ways for teachers to organize learning activities to guide discovery learning in the online environment. We analysed several activities and identified the difficulties and the problems faced by children and teachers, we highlighted certain principles and advantages of learning through discovery, developed by accessing web sources.
33. DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA (1), PhD Prof.,
MAGDAȘ IOANA (1), PhD Assoc. Prof,
ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA (2), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
CIUPE IOANA ALEXANDRA (2), PhD Student,
(1) Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
(2) Faculty of Geography, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
Romania
dulama[at]upcmail.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Experiential Learning. Students’ Design and Production of Films on Zoom Platform

Abstract: In the context of organizing online the graduation exams of the university programs, students who completed the study program for the didactic career made films in which they presented a part of their graduation portfolio. We analysed several tools and applications available for free on the Internet, we identified their advantages and disadvantages and we chose the Zoom platform for making these films. The research was focused on two directions: students’ experiential learning process and their films. Research results will be capitalized in the future in carrying out other learning activities in the online environment.
34. DIMITROVA ANTOANETA, PhD,
Trakia University, Faculty of Technics and technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
adimitrova77[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Training in Electrical Machines by Adaptation of Educational Technologies

Abstract: Harmonization and integration within the European Education Area is needed for training in the field of electrical machines. For this purpose, the curricula and programs, providing fundamental, general technical, specialized engineering training, must correspond to the level of development of modern theory and practice in the specific subject area. The article presents an analysis of the adaptation of digital teaching materials and technical tools in the engineering-laboratory courses in the training of electrical machines. A methodology has been proposed through which these teaching materials and technical tools become a useful apparatus for achieving better student engagement in the learning process. This will require continuous additional efforts on the part of the teaching staff and constant updating of their specific digital competencies.
35. MIRON CRISTINA (1), PhD Assoc. Prof,
STOICA IOANA (2), PhD Teacher,
(1) Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest,
(2) Tudor Vianu National High School of Computer Science Bucharest,
Romania
istoica4143[at]gmail.com
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Methods of introducing Physics concepts, exemplified by two projects, “The Science of Music” and “Landing on Mars “

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to point out an interactive method to introduce basic physics concepts to youngest students. We make our point by appealing to a number of specific software and school projects. This kind of projects can develop links between Physics and Mathematics, Physics and Astronomy, Physics and Economy, or even between Physics and Music, providing outstanding results in the teaching process.
Dropping anchors in the previous knowledge and explore and approach the method in an interdisciplinary, transdisciplinary, and multidisciplinary perspective could lead the students to achieve 21th century skills. We will study the impact made by these school projects upon the progress achieved by the students.
36. KRASTEV KRASIMIR(2), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
SANDEVA VASKA (1), PhD Prof.,
DESPOT KATERINA (1), PhD Prof.,
(1) University of Goce Delcev, Stip, Republic of Northern Macedonia
(2) Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
krasikrystev[at]gmail.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Education in Synthesis of the Furniture and Art

Abstract: The education in interior decoration is part of the architecture and decorative art that deals with drawing and shaping the interior of buildings that are part of the space called the interior. Its basic division is structural and decorative design. Structural design is the basis of the space with all the functional elements without which the space cannot function, while the decorative design is the part where the ambience and artistic expression of each piece of furniture is created. For the design and drawing of the furniture, the decorative design has a strong reinforcement of the ambience, i.e. the effects achieved with all the decorative parts that give the space a completely different note, which means it is not devoid of emotions and home atmosphere.
37. GEORGIEVA-NIKOLOVA MARIYA, PhD Student,
STOYKOVA VANYA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
maria_bogomilova[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Application of mobile devices in distance learning

Abstract: The possibilities for using mobile devices, such as tablets and mobile phones, for the analysis of the condition of food products, are a prerequisite for the development of methods, technical means and methodologies for their use in educational activities. This article proposes methods and tools for obtaining, processing and analyzing data on the condition of eggs using mobile devices. Spectral characteristics of hen eggs, as well as of quail eggs were obtained. Examples of the results application of the present elaboration in distance learning of students are presented. In case the proposed methods and tools are used, the whole process of obtaining, processing and analyzing spectral characteristics can be monitored and shared with learners – it is enough just to have a mobile device with Internet access.
38. NEDEVA VESELINA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
DINEVA SNEJANA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
veselina.nedeva[at]trakia-uni.bg
snezhana.dineva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Organizing virtual training - experience gained from COVID-19 pandemic

Abstract: During COVID-19 pandemic the Trakia University gained enormous experience how to organize and conduct virtual training. The university was closed like most universities all over the world and the education was transmitted through the virtual learning environment using the possibilities of Moodle online platform, Google Meet, and BigBlueButton. This report presented the organization of student education during COVID-19. The special attention is paid on Google Meet and BigBlueButton applications, which were applied in distance learning for online video meetings. A comparison is made between the two applications with an emphasis on their specific use: the similarities of Google Meet and BigBlueButton are indicated; functionalities that are common to both applications but performed differently; the advantages of Google Meet in comparison to BigBlueButton for FTT - Yambol; the advantages of BigBlueButton. In connection with the way of conducting the training, the advantages and disadvantages of virtual learning vs classical are analysed.
The results of the students' opinion need to be analysed with a view of further improvement and successful applying the form of distance learning in FTT - Yambol.

Keywords: online education, advantages, disadvantages, COVID-19 pandemic, Google Meet, and BigBlueButton

39. COȘOFREȚ DORU, PhD Researcher,
AVRAM ELENA – RITA, PhD Researcher,
”Mircea cel Bătrân” Naval Academy,
Romania
rita.avram[at]anmb.ro
doru.cosofret[at]anmb.ro
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Evaluation of the Maritime Higher Education didactic support during the coronavirus pandemic. Case Study

Abstract: The unforeseen appearance of the pandemic situation imposed the interruption of face-to-face courses in all educational institutions in Romania, and maintaining the educational quality standards in these conditions was a real challenge. Thus, the ensuring of education support is a determining factor in carrying out online teaching activities. The teaching support in e-learning involves the cumulative implementation of several factors, as follows: stable and high-speed internet connection, high-performance hardware and communication software tools, digital teaching and learning resources for each discipline in the curriculum, technical and pedagogical support.
The case study presented aims to identify the impact produced on the maritime higher education by the sudden transition from the classical teaching and assessment system to the online and distance hybrid one. The analysis is done from the perspective of ensuring teaching support, considering the fact that, compared with the conventional methods of teaching and evaluation, online education requires a more elaborate didactic and diversified technology.
The evaluative and transversal research was carried out on a sample of 300 students and 27 professors from the "Mircea cel Batran" Naval Academy by applying online questionnaires. For the analysis of the obtained data, statistical analysis techniques and tools were used. The difficulties encountered in carrying out the teaching activities are analysed and the identified and applied improvement solutions are presented.
40. AVRAM ELENA – RITA, PhD Researcher,
COȘOFREȚ DORU, PhD Researcher,
”Mircea cel Bătrân” Naval Academy,
Romania
rita.avram[at]anmb.ro
doru.cosofret[at]anmb.ro
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Challenges in the Maritime Higher Education from the perspective of implementing the online teaching and evaluation activities

Abstract: The unpredictable emergence of the pandemic coronavirus situation has forced the maritime higher education to change the approach to teaching by implementing the online learning and teaching environment. The main actors of education, teachers and students, as well as the decision makers in the education system were faced with a challenge of unprecedented scale.
Even if this transition from the classical education system to the online one took place suddenly "overnight", maritime higher education already used certain specific education methods of the virtual environment, due to the particularity of the naval industry on internationalization, standardization, and continuous specialization.
In order to evaluate the adaptation of the maritime higher education to the specificity of online education, between May and June 2020, within the Naval Academy a cross-sectional evaluation study was conducted. This period was overlapped with activities of teaching / evaluation online.
The study presents the analyses the teaching activities carried out online, by assessing the students and teachers degree of perception on how to conduct them, in terms of advantages, limitations and difficulties and by considering feedback of student - teacher two-way relationship. The identified conclusions by the statistical processing of the collected data through anonymous online questionnaires, could be generalized and applied to improve the e-learning process within maritime higher education institutions.
41. TIBERIUS OVIDIUS CHECHE, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest,
Romania
tiberius.cheche[at]unibuc.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Crystal hetero-structure design with Wolfram Mathematica

Abstract: A program which calculates the coordinates of atoms and graphically represents them is realized to obtain face-centered cubic hetero-structures of truncated cone and torus shapes. The code is written with Wolfram Mathematica software program for un-relaxed atomic structure. The first four neighbors of each atom are also calculated. As an example the GaSb/GaAs hetero-structure is considered in simulations. The results are compared with those obtained from a Fortran language code. The code may be used for introducing to university students the symmetry of crystals in solid states physics and the Wolfram Mathematica programming software.
42. TIBERIUS OVIDIUS CHECHE, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest,
Romania
tiberius.cheche[at]unibuc.ro
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Crystal hetero-structure design with Intel®Parallel Studio XE Fortran

Abstract: The coordinates of atoms for un-relaxed structure in a face-centered cubic hetero-structure of conical and hemi-toroidal shapes are obtained with Fortran language program. The code is written with Intel®Parallel Studio XE for Fortran. The first four neighbors of atom are calculated in a subroutine. As an example the GaSb/GaAs hetero-structure is considered in simulations. The results are compared with those obtained from a Wolfram Mathematica software code. The code may be used for introducing to university students the symmetry of crystals in solid states physics and the Intel®Parallel Studio XE Fortran programming software.
43. ANIȘOARA POP, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Petru Maior Faculty of Science and Letters, GE Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Targu Mures,
Romania
anisoara.pop[at]umfst.ro
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Alternatives in Assessment: Student-generated Videos and Online Written Case presentations in Medical English

Abstract: Creation is the top level of intellectual skills in Bloom’s taxonomy. It requires learners to move from gaining knowledge, through analysing and eventually synthesizing, to making judgments. Although rarely do we attain the formation of this top skill in formal English learning environments, it is attainable with advanced medical students and especially desirable as they have to demonstrate perspicacity in the medical practice as early as their first clinical year and it represents a key life-time competence for the future professionals. This presentation will document and analyse two assessment alternatives targeting precisely professionally relevant oral and written Medical English (ME) creative language use within an asynchronously-connected Facebook group as part of the ME blended learning format with students of UMFST GE Palade of Targu Mures during the academic years 1916-1918.
The research employed a descriptive method. I explore the use of student-generated videos (monologues recorded via mobile devices) and written case presentations (Padlet.com) as alternatives to the formative assessment, underlining their specific added values in Medical English: learning as a process through continuous customised teacher feedback as well as professionally-relevant, more authentic, autonomous, skill-integrative productions that capitalise on the students’ ability to use and produce the language rather than demonstrate knowledge of the language (inherent in exercise solving and tests).
Student satisfaction questionnaires demonstrate that student-generated videos and online written case presentations are relevant, complex, and memorable means of assessment of Medical English progress that can complement online quizzes, especially for the current context of full online learning and assessment.
44. CÎINEANU MARIANA-DOINA (1, 3), PhD Candidate,
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA (1), PhD Prof.,
PĂCURAR BOGDAN (1), PhD,
ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA (2), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
CONŢIU HADRIAN-VASILE (4), PhD,
CONŢIU ANDREEA (4), PhD,
Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
(1) Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education,
(2) Faculty of Geography,
(3) “Nicolae Bălcescu” National College, Brăila,
(4) “Al. Papiu Ilarian” National College, Tg. Mureş,
Romania
dulama[at]upcmail.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Guiding the Realization of Graphic Organizers through Films

Abstract: In pre-university geography education in Romania, graphic organizers are used very little as a tool for organizing information, although there are recommendations and examples in literature. To enable the formation of the competence to make graphic organizers, we made several films in which we captured the execution process of some organizers. Teachers who make graphic organizers explain how they do them, why they do them and what they use to make that scheme in the learning process. Students watched the films in order to learn how to make graphic organizers. We analysed the students’ competences of making graphic organizers after watching the films and their opinions about films and about their learning activity.
45. COLT MARILENA (1), PhD Candidate,
STOICA DANIELA (1, 2), PhD,
(1) University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics
(2) ”Ion Luca Caragiale” National College, Ploiesti,
Romania
enachemarilena2007[at]yahoo.com
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Interdisciplinary study of fluid dynamics using interactive conceptual maps

Abstract: Nowaday students don’t want to study in the way their parents did. The problem could be solved by changing the teaching methods, by creating a constructivist learning environment. This paper proposes an interdisciplinary study of the fluids in our lives through conceptual maps, by combining the fields of instruction and technology. The concept map, made on three levels, introduces a presentation in Microsoft Office Power Point 365 with some hyperlinks to 3D educational animations on the Mozabook digital interactive lesson creation platform through which the teacher can show his creativity in teaching. Level 2 concept map is an exposition of fluids in science. The level 3 concept map presents some applications of fluid dynamics in biophysics, more specifically in blood circulation, namely: the first application involved calculating the speed of blood flow through the aorta, the second application estimated the value of Reynolds number for blood flow through the aorta, through the third application the value of the blood speed in the capillaries was obtained and the last one refers to the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels, being able to explain the phenomenon of regulating blood flow through fluid dynamics laws.
46. BURLACU NATALIA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Technical University of Moldova, Faculty of Computers, Informatics and Microelectronics,
Rep. Moldova
natalia.burlacu[at]iis.utm.md
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Applied Digital Competences in the Innovative Didactic Methods: an overview study

Abstract: Although in both European Union and national policies there are many premises to bring to an acceptable level the digital skills of teachers in pre-university and university education, the current pandemic has signaled us about the lack of attention to this topic from all the factors involved (authorities - managers of educational institutions - representatives of the academic environment - teachers - pupils / students - parents, etc.) in the digitization of the educational process.
It is noteworthy the case of the Republic of Moldova where still in the documents of 2017 were formulated a series of issues tangent to the deficit of digital education and, as a result, of modern quality education. These documents list such shortcomings as: (1). Graduates of educational institutions do not possess practical skills for activity in an information society; (2.) The shortage of qualified ICT staff in schools. (3.) Low level of supply of educational software to educational institutions. (4.) Low level of use of open-source software. (5). The ICT curriculum is outdated and there is no institutionalized process of regular updating.
The year 2020 confirmed that the set of items to be adjusted with reference to the digitization of the didactic process, digital education, the development of digital competences of teachers and pupils/students, etc. it is below the threshold necessary for the normal functioning of educational institutions, but especially for the transposition of traditional education into the distance-learning format.
In this context, present research, analyses (a.) European documents and actions of digitization; (b.) digital premises for educational purposes; (c.) the classification of educational platforms, etc. The author proposes the implementation of innovative didactic methods based on IT solutions, as solving the partial remedy of the problems previously reviewed. Additionally, the author of this approach defines the concepts of applied digital competence (ADC), and innovative didactic methods (IDM), making the difference between traditional and innovative teaching methods.
47. PEHLIVANOVA TANYA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
tanya.pehlivanova[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Methods for distance learning in technical courses

Abstract: In the beginning of 2020 the humanity was struck by an unprecedented pandemic. The universities stopped conducting face-to-face classes and they had to switch very quickly to distance learning and assessment.
The paper presents the results of a study among students studying in various technical programs at Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Bulgaria. The aim of the study is to determine the most appropriate technologies and methods for distance learning and assessment in technical courses in times of crisis - in the absence of pre-prepared materials, using only available means - the Internet and available free resources, e-learning system Moodle, etc.
The results show that the majority of students prefer the lecturers to provide them video recordings of the lectures, of the conducted experiments from the laboratory exercises, of solved sample tasks, etc. The reasons for this are the ability to watch the videos as many times as necessary to master the learning content and inability to attend at the time of the scheduled classes. As for the exams, the most preferred form is the test conducted in the e-learning system.
After analyzing the attitudes of the students, appropriate techniques for conducting online teaching in the technical courses are defined and proposed.
48. PEHLIVANOVA TANYA (1), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
KANCHEV KAMEN (2), PhD Student,
(1) Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
(2) New Bulgarian University,
Bulgaria
tanya.pehlivanova[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Data privacy aspects of e-learning

Abstract: In today's world distance learning is increasingly used. Web-based tools are used to implement it. In order to function properly, they must store information about their users.
This paper goes through the issue of data confidentiality when using e-learning. A study among students from Trakia University - Stara Zagora, Bulgaria is presented. It aims to check whether students are aware of how their personal data is used and what is their sense of security for personal data while using e-learning platforms.
The students' attitude to the personal information that they are predisposed to share with the other participants in the e-learning courses is studied. It was concluded that a large number of students are not aware of the problems that can arise from sharing personal data and how they and the lecturers can protect their data. In addition, confidentiality recommendations have been proposed that should be taken into account when using e-learning.
49. DINEVA SNEJANA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
NEDEVA VESELINA, PhD Assoc. Prof,
Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
snezhana.dineva[at]trakia-uni.bg
veselina.nedeva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Assessment of students during COVID-19 case experience

Abstract: The assessment of knowledge was the most difficult task for the education system in that absolute social isolation during COVID-19 pandemic. The education system did not have such experience never before, so it is essential to share our practice with all the pros and cons. Trakia University, Faculty of Technics and Technologies had an online assessment system as quizzes for self-training and final exam developed in the virtual learning environment on Moodle, since 2008. Ordinary, by the schedule published for the exam session, students attended traditional computer classrooms and pass their exams. In that case, during quarantine, it was not possible. The governance of Trakia University immediately gave instructions on how is acceptable to examine students. Teachers had different options from which they can choose how to inspect the learning process of students’, like synchronous or asynchronous online assessment, assignment or course assignment, tests, quizzes, multiple tasks, developing a thesis, or presentation. It was a hard period, but the learning process did not stop, even students complained that they have more homework than before. The synchronous online exam was arrange using video connections of the virtual classroom created with BigBlueButton or Google meet. The difficulty that encountered include lack of proper device for video connection, not always high-speed internet or WiFi, and not adequate technique. Due to slow or weak internet, some of the students disappeared from the monitor, or the internet breaks, trying to use safe-browser as LockDown, or window with Java script the marks did not appears in the assessment reports on the end, or some of the students were not able to open the quiz. Hence, to be sure that the cheating will minimize the tests was restricted in time approximately 40%.

Keywords: e-learning, COVID-19, student assessment, online assessment

50. ILIEVA JULIETA (1), PhD Assistant Prof.,
MILUSHEVA GENOVEVA (2), Student,
ZLATEV ZLATIN (1), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
(1) Trakia University – Stara Zagora,
(2) University of Ruse,
Bulgaria
zhulieta.ilieva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Relationship between colors and forms and their significance for education

Abstract: Rapid changes in models and fashion trends, different standards and the ever-growing demands of consumers, the creation of new materials, expect manufacturers to respond quickly and offer the latest items. This reflects on the training in fabric design, where new methods of training students – future designers – are constantly sought and developed. The diverse information and computer technologies provide an opportunity to study the relationships between colors and forms in textile design. In the present work, a method and tools for forecasting consumer demand have been developed, based on features of the color and forms of folk costume elements, represented by two-dimensional contour descriptions, which is based on a certain set and relationships between them. The obtained results increase the knowledge about the connection between colors and forms and their significance for textile designers. They would help to better illustrate the materials presented and the consistency in the design of textile fabrics and will generally support the specialized training of students studying fabric design.
51. VASILEV MIROSLAV, PhD,
KRASTEV KRASIMIR, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Trakia University – Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
miroslav.vasilev[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Survey of students' opinions on the effectiveness of e-learning and distance learning during a pandemic

Abstract: The article analyzes the opinion of students in two high schools in the town of Yambol, Bulgaria, in connection with the effectiveness of distance learning during the second school year of the 2019/2020. In conducting the survey, gender and the school in which the students are educated were taken into account. The questions from the survey are related to the successful acquisition of knowledge, the independent work of the students, the influence of their social contacts, as well as the time for self-preparation. The obtained results confirm and supplement those from the available literature. Methods and tools for detailed analysis of student performance using e-learning and distance learning methods are proposed.
52. BELOIU ROBERT, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
DELIU GEORGIANA, Teacher,
Electronics, Communication and Electrical Engineering, University of Pitesti,
Romania
robertbeloiu[at]gmail.com
Section: TECH
Title of paper: S7-1200 Siemens PLC based industrial automation educational platform

Abstract: Industrial automation competences are in great demand by several industries worldwide. The 2020 academic year had its unique challenges that nobody in the community expected. The apparition and world wide spread of COVID-19 forced the educational institutions to adjust to conditions and requirements never encountered. In this context, the University of Pitesti developed an educational platform for industrial automation course. Even before COVID-19, industrial automation was a career in very high demand worldwide in general, and in Romania in particular. Now, with the implementation of robotic applications, companies active in a wide range of industrial activities demand this career more.
This article presents a S7-1200 Siemens PLC based industrial automation educational station developed at the University of Pitesti for regular laboratories. By remotely accessing one PC, the platform can be use as support for remote laboratory applications.
53. ADRIANA RADU (1,2), PhD Candidate,
IONEL GRIGORE (3), PhDTeacher,
VALENTIN BARNA (1)), PhD Prof.,
(1) Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest, Bucharest-Măgurele, Romania,
(2) “Mihai Viteazul” National College, Ploieşti, Romania,
(3) “Ion Luca Caragiale” National College, Ploieşti, Romania,
Romania
grigore_1965[at]yahoo.com
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: MathCad interactive didactic tool for studying the trajectory of a satellite around the Earth

Abstract: The article describes an interactive teaching tool made with worksheets in MathCad for studying the trajectory of a satellite around the Earth. The satellite is modeled as a mass point, while the rotational motion of the Earth around its own axis is neglected. Depending on the initial conditions specified by the launch altitude, the initial velocity and the angle between the initial velocity vector and the initial vector radius, the trajectory of the satellite is plotted. It is shown how the facilities of MathCad worksheets for numerical calculation and for graphical representation in polar coordinates can be explored. The modification of the initial conditions allows for the observation of the feedback on the elliptical trajectory. Thus, there can also be obtained the particular situations corresponding to the ballistic trajectory or the escape from the terrestrial gravitational field when the trajectory becomes a parabola or a hyperbola. The use of this tool in the classroom helps students to develop their graphic representation skills in MathCad for the study of the motion in a central force field. Students can clarify how the initial conditions determine the trajectory of a mass point in a central force field with gravitational potential.
54. KIRYAKOVA GABRIELA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Trakia University, Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
gabriela.kiryakova[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: The role of digital technologies in formation of 4Cs competencies of learners

Abstract: In today's digital world, people need new competencies that will allow them to be active and successful members of society. The key competencies of the 21st century, known as 4Cs – creativity, critical thinking, communication and collaboration, should be formed and developed in adolescents in schools and universities. They will help them integrate into a society characterized by the ubiquitous use of technologies. Information and communication technologies can support the formation of these competencies, being used in training to stimulate students’ creative and critical thinking, and to assist the process of collaboration and communication. The aim of the current work is to reveal the key role of technologies in the formation of 4Cs competencies of digital generation learners.
55. FABIOLA-SANDA CHIRIACESCU (1, 2), PhD Candidate,
BOGDAN CHIRIACESCU (1,2), PhD Assoc. Candidate,
CRISTINA MIRON (1), PhD Prof.,
VALENTIN BARNA (1), PhD Prof.,
CATALIN BERLIC (1), PhD Prof.,
(1) University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics,
(2) Theoretical High School ”Nicolae Iorga”, Nehoiu,
Romania
fabichiriacescu[at]gmail.com
b.chiriacescu[at]gmail.com
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Arduino Setup Used as Didactic Tool for the Dynamic Study of Torsion

Abstract: The paper presents investigations of the dynamic study for the torsion of a wire by means of an experimental setup based on an Arduino micro-controller device. This method turns out to be very efficient, while the experimental results are in very good agreement with the theoretical calculations and with other investigation methods. Moreover, the Arduino based data acquisition setup is cost effective, easy to install and operate and the software is free (also open source). This approach represents an integration of new technologies in physics education, offering users applicable modern alternatives in didactic physics laboratory.

Key words: Arduino, dynamic study of the torsion, physics education

56. BOGDAN CHIRIACESCU (1,2), PhD Assoc. Candidate,
FABIOLA-SANDA CHIRIACESCU (1, 2), PhD Candidate,
SANDA VOINEA (1), PhD Lecturer,
(1) University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics,
(2) Theoretical High School ”Nicolae Iorga”, Nehoiu,
Romania
fabichiriacescu[at]gmail.com
b.chiriacescu[at]gmail.com
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Virtual and experimental aerodynamic study for student’s lab

Abstract: This paper presents an aerodynamics study of different flat shapes using a virtual wind tunnel. The results of the simulation using Comsol Multiphysics software consist of a field of air velocity distribution and one of the distributions of dynamic pressure values. Flat surfaces as triangle, rectangle and circle are compared. Drag coefficients are calculated for rectangle and disk. An experimental study is also effectuated in the same conditions in order to compute the drag coefficients. The values are about the same in the both cases-virtual and experimental. This is an important result concerning the e-learning teaching, in condition of Coronavirus restrictions. This virtual lab is an opportunity for students to understand the aerodynamics principles concerning the effect of wind on turbine blades. Also, it is an economical way to choose the optimal shape for blades to build an efficient turbine.
Keywords: aerodynamic study, virtual lab, e-learning teaching, drag coefficient
57. AVADANEI MANUELA-LACRAMIOARA (1), PhD Assoc. Prof. Eng.,
LOGHIN EMIL (1), PhD Assist. Prof. Eng.,
OLARU SABINA (2), PhD Researcher II Eng.,
CURTEZA ANTONELA (1), PhD Prof. Eng.,
RADU DORU-CEZAR (1), PhD Prof. Eng.,
(1) “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University, Faculty of Industrial Design and Business Management, Iasi
(2) "National Research and Development Institute for Textiles and Leather", Bucharest,
Romania
manuela_avadanei[at]yahoo.com
Section: TECH
Title of paper: The 3D Virtual Prototype- a sustainable solution for the Clothing Industry

Abstract: Textile and clothing industries are in a new point of development: digitalization and forward to industry 4.0. (known as the 4-th Industrial Revolution). Digitalisation brings essential changes of the production process in the clothing industry: it offers the possibility of producing individualised/personalised models, it reduces the time between the design stage, in which digital CAD patternmaking and grading solutions are employed, and the production stage, which is usually carried out by digital machinery or robots. If companies use specialised 3D applications, they will be able to deliver the items at a faster rate, and with less impact on the environment. In this case, designers will be able to make faster decisions, subject their collections to simulations in the market (to identify the customer's needs), reduce the quantity of waste resulting from the manufacturing process (to the possible extent), and involve the consumer in the design process of the new product model (co-design). In order to be able to use 3D technologies in the production process, a company must have both adequate software and skilled personnel who can employ it. The virtual prototype of a model is a virtual representation of the new item which enables one to assess the extent to which it matches the model sketch/ photo, see whether the design method was adequately chosen and if the process was carried out correctly, to evaluate the fitting degree of the garment (dimensions, proportions, position on the virtual body/ dummy), and to decide if it fulfils the customer's requirements. By taking into account the criteria mentioned above, the designers decide if the design solution is adequate, what changes are necessary, and if everything is in order, they validate the design method and prepare the patterns for production. In this paper, the authors present a tutorial about how to obtain a 3D prototype and to virtually try it on a virtual body/ dummy, by using a Lectra software solution. This tutorial is suitable for any person who is working in the field of clothing design, and who has got access to this advanced Lectra module.
58. GÎLĂ CRISTINA - IULIA, PhD Candidate,
Ovidius University, Constanța,
Romania
gila_cristina2000[at]yahoo,com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: eTwinning projects, European memory and democratic participation of the youth in society

Abstract: The changes in the contemporary society at the end of the XXth century, the appearance of the Internet, with an impressive number of users and services, determined a spectaculous jump regarding the evolution of humanity from a simple read of information to Mc Luhan’s “global village”. This idea was born through the big scale utilisation of social network platforms such as Facebook or MySpace (eTwinning). The need for exchanging ideas and international collaboration lead to overcoming classrooms and to the discovery of new digital platforms and online instruments, easing the XXIst century specific competency acquiring. This study showcases the results of a three month research project, obtained from applying a questionnaire to approximately two hundred teachers on the eTwinning portal, regarding the impact of activities targeting the growth of students’ civic and social competencies, but also their digital competencies. Learning history at school through utilising the eTwinning platform assures a sustainable type of learning based on creativity, critical thinking and interactivity in order to reconstruct and understand different sides of European history. We show a comparative analysis between the answers of Romanian and European teachers on the changes that occurred in their classrooms. The results of the study can be the basis on which virtual history lessons will be created in the near future because they showcase the benefits of using digital platforms and their quality, facilitating the labour market integration of the students.
59. COLT MARILENA (1,2), PhD Candidate,
STOICA DANIELA (2), PhD Teacher,
BARNA VALENTIN (1), PhD Prof.,
(1) University of Bucharest,
(2) ”Ion Luca Caragiale” National College, Ploiesti,
Romania
enachemarilena2007[at]yahoo.com
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Pressure measurements by means of digital technology for educational purposes

Abstract: Many scientific hot topics that are closely related can be taught by means of an interdisciplinary approach. An example of such a subject is pressure. Pressure measurements can be performed by classical instruments (manometers, barometers etc), but also by modern means, respectively by using digital technology. By employing during the physics hours of educational experiments based on data loggers (that have built-in sensors or attached external sensors), or scientific tablets (such as the Einstein Tablet), can definitely lead to a better understanding of the physical concept of pressure. These types of trials can determine as well whether the students are aware of the connections between physics and biology in this area and if this can effectively help them describe appropriate physical phenomena in the human body in connection for example with the blood pressure measurements. In this manuscript, we employed the Einstein Tablet, having attached the blood pressure, heart rate sensors and the LabMate data logger (that can also be connected to a computer) therefore transforming the entire system into a truly portable/wireless science lab. By also adding a pressure sensor to our system, one can perform experiments for highlighting how the external pressure variations can have an impact and change the total volume of certain bodies.

Keywords: sensor, blood pressure, interdisciplinarity.

60. PAȘCAN AURORA, PhD Lecturer,
Petru Maior Faculty of Science and Letters, GE Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mures,
Romania
aurora.pascan[at]umfst.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Using Microsoft Teams for teaching Romanian to foreign medical students - a comparative skill-focused analysis of online vs. onsite progress in learning

Abstract: The foreign medical students from UMFST GE Palade of Târgu Mures study Romanian for the needs of communication and interaction, particularly during their clinical internships. Even though some have benefited from a preparatory year, many start from the basics this compulsory but non-core subject, whose allotted time of study is 2 years. Thus, the maximum efficiency of the teaching / learning process, through an impeccable organization of the methodology and course material, is essential in the traditional lecture room. This became even more important online, when the COVID-19 pandemic imposed an extremely fast translation of the real-life education into the virtual environment. During this accelerated transformation, I did not unnecessarily complicate the teaching and assessment methods, but I relied on continuity, in order to maintain this beginners course in a familiar area as much as possible. The E-Learning platform provided by the university is Microsoft Teams.
As evaluation in each semester employed both formative and summative assessment, I performed a comparative analysis of the learning progress, distributed on receptive and productive language skills. This relatively small group of students (22) allowed an in-depth quantitative and qualitative analysis which showed how online learning favored the strengthening of some language skills and disadvantaged others, even in conditions of limitations such as the shock generated by the fast transfer to virtual courses, the inherent technical problems or the questionable correctness of asynchronous assessment in an institutional framework
61. IVANA IVANIĆ (1), Assist. Prof.,
VIOLETA PETKOVIĆ (2), Assist. Prof.,
(1) University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Philosophy, Department of Romanian Studies,
Serbia
(2) Educons University from Sremska Kamenica, Serbia, Faculty of sport and tourism,
Serbia
ivana.ivanic[at]ff.uns.ac.rs
violeta.petkovic[at]gmail.com
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: A Study about Using E-learning Platforms and Development of Intercultural Competence during COVID -19

Abstract: The current COVID -19 situation +, as well as the adaptation to new circumstances in teaching contributed to the development of online teaching, virtual classrooms and the use of e-learning platforms. By creating a new reality for teaching and learning through the application of digital competence in action, it certainly affects the development of intercultural learning, cooperation and development of intercultural competences, as indispensable competences for lifelong learning. The aim of this paper is to point out the importance and correlation between digital and intercultural competence during COVID -19. In order to design the most optimal concept of learning and development of intercultural competencies, a questionnaire was created to collect data on teachers' self-assessment on ways of use, functionality, time dynamics, results, effects and degree of use of e-learning platforms. The obtained results indicate insufficiently developed skills and knowledge of respondents for the application of intercultural competence, but also their need and aspiration for additional capacity expansion through professional development and improvement, depending on the further implementation of teaching and its possibilities: online or in the classroom. Based on the conducted analysis, the positive cooperation of digital and intercultural competence is concluded, but also the need of teachers for additional empowerment and creation of a sustainable mechanism for the development and nurturing of the value of intercultural education.
62. KARABALIEV MIROSLAV (1), PhD Prof.,
NEDEVA VESELINA (2), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
PEHLIVANOVA TANYA (2), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
MINCHEV ANDRIAN (3), IT expert,
Trakia University,
(1)Department of Physics, Biophysics, Roentgenology and Radiology, Faculty of Medicine,
(2) Department Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Automation, Faculty of Technics and Technologies,
(3) IT section, Trakia university,
Bulgaria
miroslav.karabaliev[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Reliable and secure online exams during the COVID-19 pandemic

Abstract: The aim of the paper is to present the authors' experience in choosing software tools and suitable methods for reliable and secure online exams in organizing and conducting entrance, semester and state exams at the Trakia University - Stara Zagora during the COVID-19 pandemic. To achieve this goal, literature sources related to the topic are analyzed, the prerequisites are presented and the conditions in Trakia University for conducting online exams are clarified. A comparison of existing secure browsers is made, from which Safe Exam Browser and LockDown Browser are selected and used. Emphasis is placed on the planning, organization and conduct of online exams and the way in which reliability and security are achieved. There is a separate place for the problems that have arisen and the possible solutions for overcoming them.
63. ANGELOVA NADEZHDA, (1),Assist.Prof.,
KIRYAKOVA GABRIELA (2), PhD Assoc. Prof.,
YORDANOVA LINA (3), PhD Prof.,
Trakia University - Stara Zagora,,
(1) Faculty of Economics,
(2) Faculty of Education,
(3) DIISTT, Trakia University-Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
nadezhda.angelova[at]trakia-uni.bg
gabriela.kiryakova[at]trakia-uni.bg
lina.yordanova[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Motivation for learning and choosing a professional field among students at Faculty of Economics in Trakia University

Abstract: Motivation plays an important role in the development of the individual and in society and has an impact in every area of modern life. Research on the influence of motivation and the achievement of educational goals dates back decades and is based on basic theories in psychology and behavioral sciences. Creating an appropriate learning environment tailored to the learners’ needs and requirements, applying innovative educational methods, competitiveness stimulates learners and strengthens their motivation to express and acquire basic skills suitable for their professional realization.
The main goal of the present work is to determine the main factors for choosing a professional field and achieving better motivation for learning and acquiring professional skills and competencies in economics. A survey is conducted among students from the Faculty of Economics at the Trakia University, Bulgaria, which provides feedback on student opinion and the need for transformation in learning environment in order to meet the needs of students.
64. GHEORGHE ANCUTA FLORENTINA, Researcher,
STEFAN IOANA ANDREEA, Researcher,
STEFAN ANTONIU, Researcher,
Advanced Technology Systems, Targoviste,
Romania
anca.gheorghe[at]ats.com.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Serious games for modelling sustainability skills and competencies

Abstract: In the last decade, sustainability skills have become critical for preparing the future workforce and efforts have been made to implement sustainability principles across disciples. In this context, serious games have been promoted as a viable approach that can be used to reshape the learning environments and facilitate the development of the 21st century skills and competencies. Serious games are known to make learning interesting and fun, and they have been employed to create new spaces for learning, where students have more freedom and take more responsibility. Serious games promote positive social skills and are focused more on areas such civics, health, education and NGO policy advocacy. This paper seeks to demonstrate how serious games, which address different issues, can foster the acquisition of key sustainability skills and competencies, frequently needed on the labour market. Three games have been analysed starting from their specificity such as the narrative and educational context, the target group, the game mechanics used, up to the identification of sustainability skills and competencies that can be acquired during the game play and the pedagogical methodologies used to acquire certain skills and competences.
65. VELCIU MAGDALENA (1), PhDResearcher,
SPIRU LUIZA (1), PhD prof.,
GIANNOGLOU VASILIS (2), PhD,
KOULIS EVANGELOS (2), Project Officer,
MARZAN MIRCEA (1), MD,
(1)Ana Aslan International Foundation,
Romania,
(2) Geoimaging Cyprus, Materia Cyprus,
magda.velciu[at]anaaslanacademy.ro
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Learning to use new technology for the elderly

Abstract: The outbreak of COVID-2019 and the subsequent quarantine reminded us that new technologies help people lead a better, healthier, self-satisfying life at home.
This article aims to explore how learning to use new technology for the elderly can be helpful in order to encourage them to stay healthy at home and safe when going out. We present here the IOANNA application that helps senior users feel safe to walk around the city, find an interesting temporary job or community service and continue being active citizens. In addition, IOANNA provides a friendly interface for finding stores close to their location, organize their shopping and find special offers.
The first results from the field trials we deployed have shown us that people over 65 years old, with different IT literacy and with/without previous experiences with technology, are willing to become more familiar with new technologies. Sometimes, they need help setting up and learning to use the app. Elderly users have a great interest in using the app features and functionalities because they are aware of the real benefits of using it in their everyday lives. Despite the digital skills gap, the process of learning how to use the app is not an insurmountable barrier, if older users are highly self-motivated, and the perceived usefulness is high. If IOANNA app is to be adopted on a large scale, then we have to focus on the benefits gained from using the app. Also, training instructions have to be customized to their needs
66. SAZONOVA NATALIA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
IVANOVA SVETLANA, Lecturer,
Department of Foreign Languages and Educational Technologies, Ural Federal University,
Russia
natalia.sazonova[at]urfu.ru
sa.ivanova[at]urfu.ru
Section: M&M
Title of paper: A comparative study of students’ performance and perception in asynchronous and blended language learning environments (a case study of a Russian university)

Abstract: Nowadays, with the rapid development of technology, online learning is becoming an inevitable educational method and educational alternative to face-to-face classes, especially for those who cannot attend classes on a regular basis. Online learning environments trend can be categorized into asynchronous, synchronous and hybrid/blended-learning environments. The paper presents a comparative study of two e-learning experiments for English as a Foreign language (EFL) study in a Russian university. One course (Eng1) provided real-time offline student-teacher interaction followed by asynchronous activities. During the pandemics lockdown, faced with some technical problems such as lack of powerful computers, microphones, headphones and stable internet connection to provide synchronous e-learning, the university had to resort to asynchronous-only activities. It became obvious that Eng1 didn’t cover the EFL syllabus. Collaborative work resulted in a course designed on university Moodle platform (Eng2). The needs behind the course. Investigative methods were observation, students’ performance analysis and a survey questionnaire administered to 510 students total in three groups: Eng1, Eng2 and both. The courses were evaluated and compared in terms of interactivity, variability, audio content quality, time consumption, technical support, etc. The findings revealed that asynchronous-only language learning was quite beneficial for foreign language learners, especially to improve grammatical and lexical competence, receptive skills such as reading and listening with some limitations on productive skills training. The main advantage of asynchronous-only environment is that it is not time bound and a learner can work on his own pace. On the other hand, these limitations could be scaffolded by synchronous sessions.
67. PUPEZESCU VALENTIN, Lecturer,
DRAGOMIR MARILENA-CATALINA, PhD Candidate,
Department of Applied Electronics and Information Engineering, Polytechnic University of Bucharest,
Romania
vpupezescu[at]yahoo.com
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: Enhanced Distributed Data Mining Application using the PostgreSQL Database Management System

Abstract: Due to the current COVID pandemic, virtual laboratories are becoming increasingly important in the educational process. To support the online learning we developed the third version of a distributed machine learning application that allows the participating students to extract useful information from the PostgreSQL servers alongside other major database management systems that were used in the previous versions(Microsoft SQL Server, MySql and MongoDB). The data sets are distributed among multiple distributed PostgreSQL servers arranged in a master-slave topology. In this version, the data was imported from the MySql database management system. In our experiments from the class we use three data sets: iris1, wine1, conc1. The entire system will function like a Distributed Committee Machine that mines simultaneously through distributed data stored on servers in order to achieve better classifying results compared with the centralized case in which we have only one neural network and one data set. The application provides three neural networks: the classical multilayer perceptron, the pulsating multilayer perceptron and the autoresetting multilayer perceptron. Besides manipulating neural networks, in this virtual lab, the students will deal with some preprocessing operations on data (importing and data arrangement) from the KDD process and they will also learn how to configure the replication of the data sets into the chosen distributed topology.
68. DRAGOMIR MARILENA-CATALINA, PhD Candidate,
PUPEZESCU VALENTIN, Lecturer,
Department of Applied Electronics and Information Engineering, Polytechnic University of Bucharest,
Romania
catalina.dragomir[at]protonmail.com
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: Interactive Elearning Application for Cycle-Consistent Adversarial Networks

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the education systems worldwide and in this context the virtual learning software solutions have been of critical importance in supporting the continuous learning process when the social distancing makes very difficult the physical attendance for classes. In order to support the learning process for the students in the domain of generative modelling we have developed an interactive web application that streamlines the process of understanding Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) and Cycle-Consistent Adversarial Networks (CycleGANs), a class of unsupervised machine learning models that enables the generation of synthetic images that follow the statistical distribution of the images in the training data set. Our work consists in training from scratch a CycleGAN model and in designing and building a responsive web interface that allows the students to experiment with an application of the CycleGANs, the style transfer. We strive to inspire the students and to motivate them to deepen their knowledge in this area by implementing an interactive web application and by structuring it into two major sections: the first section is oriented towards a practical approach and we encourage the students to upload a photo at their choice and analyse the result of applying the style transfer from the images in the training data set to their uploaded image. The second part emphasizes the theoretical part and introduces the students to the concepts behind GANs and CycleGANs.
69. RADU CORINA (1), PhD Candidate,
COLŢ MARILENA (1), PhD Candidate,
ANTOHE IULIA (2), PhD Research,
(1) University of Bucharest,
(2)Research, National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics (INFLPR), Măgurele,
Romania
corinasebe[at]gmail.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Online Teaching and Learning - An Educational Paradigm

Abstract: Nowadays students have had access to Internet and to technology like laptops, smartphones or smartboards since the youngest years of their lives. With a quick search on the Internet they can find the answer to every question and, potentially, they can learn by themselves about every subject they are interested in with no need of leaving their own homes. Due to Covid-19 pandemy outbreak schools were forced to shift from traditional face-to-face teaching methods to online ones. Thus, online teaching and learning has turned out from option into necessity. A question which arises is how effective online education is in comparison to in-class education. Therefore, just after the three months of schools closure and online formal education in Romania, we conducted a survey, in the form of an online questionnaire, having the scope of assessing the satisfaction of secondary school students with respect to different aspects of this type of education.

Keywords: online teaching and learning, questionnaire, assessment

70. CAMELIA CHISALITA-CRETU, PhD Lecturer,
Computer Science Department, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
Romania
cretu[at]cs.ubbcluj.ro
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: Approaches on Slack Workspace Design

Abstract: Successful teaching requires constantly adapting and improving the content, methods, and activities of the taught courses. This includes the adoption and tailoring for teaching purposes of those tools that ease communication and collaboration. The paper discusses Slack workspace design approaches used by educators to develop a virtual learning space. The analysis of the identified workspace designs following several criteria is presented. Practical experience in designing Slack workspaces together with relevant lessons learned are reported.
71. CAMELIA CHISALITA-CRETU, PhD Lecturer,
Computer Science Department, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
Romania
cretu[at]cs.ubbcluj.ro
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Towards Building a Collaborative Learning Environment in Software Testing Classes

Abstract: Soft and hard skills are mainly acquired by students while being engaged in team activities with an emphasis on communication and collaboration. Software tool integration in teaching software testing helps to build a learning community. This promotes collaboration principles in teams, participants being allowed to accomplish specific tasks along with valuable competencies gain. The paper details teaching activities specifically designed for students that work in teams. Benefits, challenges, and teaching experience are presented, as activities were held face to face and then online, because of COVID-19 pandemic circumstances.
72. CAMELIA CHISALITA-CRETU, PhD Lecturer,
Computer Science Department, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
Romania
cretu[at]cs.ubbcluj.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Effective Online Assessment in Software Testing Education

Abstract: Developing relevant learning activities that ensure competency acquisition is important. At the same degree, the design of effective assessments that address key concepts studied throughout course duration is necessary. During this endeavor, educators undertake both student and teacher concerns on having a fair evaluation. This paper examines issues related to rigorous, accurate, and equal online assessments in a software testing course. Results on applied assessment strategy are investigated and general recommendations are inventoried.
73. SOLDEA COSMINA, PhD Candidate,
CIASCAI LILIANA, PhD Professor Habil.,
Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
Romania
liliana.ciascai[at]ubbcluj.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: e-portfolio as a tool for reflective learning

Abstract: The development of online education in the pandemic context that the humanity is facing today brings to the researchers and different practitioners to focus their attention to the issue of the e-portfolio, seen as a method and also as a tool for learning. Reflection, as a process of deepening knowledge’s and awareness of the learning process, must also be an important part in the creation and usage of the electronic portfolio.
The present study analyzes the opinions of teachers with reference to the electronic portfolio and the use of reflection in the context of its making.
The survey involved 402 teachers and was conducted using an online questionnaire, containing 35 items, completed by the teachers voluntarily.
The results indicate that the respondents are not very familiarized with both the digital portfolio and the practice of reflection. In fact, research participants focus on the portfolio as a product and this product is mainly the subject of reflection. An explanation for this situation can be found in the lack of digital skills and critical reflection. However, in order to support this hypothesis, it is necessary to extend the research.
74. DUMITRU IOANA (1), Teacher,
CIASCAI LILIANA (2), PhD Professor Habil.,
(1) "Ion Creangă" Secondary School, Cluj-Napoca,
(2)Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
Romania
liliana.ciascai[at]ubbcluj.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Teacher's opinion regarding the use of digital didactic games in primary education

Abstract: Digital games are daily present in children's and adults lives. Researchers and practitioners have been and are oriented towards game-based learning (GBL). Recently, their interest also included gamification, defined as an integration of the game elements and strategies in learning activities.
This study investigates the opinions of primary school teachers on fun and educational digital games. The survey was conducted using a questionnaire adapted by researchers from literature and applied online. Participation was voluntary.
The results show that most respondents use the digital games in the classroom for the development of new knowledge and mainly as a learning method/strategy and not as a learning framework.
Respondents' lack of interest in didactic digital games has its source in the absence of good practices and training in this field and a poor curricular stipulations that can encourage GBL and gamification of learning.
75. TURCU CRISTINA, PhD Prof. Eng.,
TURCU CORNEL, PhD Prof. Eng.,
GHERMAN OVIDIU, PhD Assist. Eng.,
Department of Computers, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava,
Romania
cristina[at]eed.usv.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Microlearning as a Facilitator of Learning Delivery

Abstract: Students use different learning styles and technologies. The development of new skills and knowledge requires a variety of teaching methods and learning strategies, adapted to students. Previous research has shown that the millennial generation of university students needs new pedagogical strategies and new ways of learning. Therefore, in order to create an effective learning environment, teachers must use teaching methods that are appropriate to the needs of these students of the new tech-savvy generation. Now, more than ever, these can be supported by a multitude of emerging technologies, some of them already having a profound impact on the education process.
In line with this trend, this paper aims to give insight into the concept of microlearning, as a new approach added to traditional ways of learning, based on the learning and retention habits of the millennials and the subsequent generations. The paper describes the advantages and major challenges of microlearning. It also describes the results of the research investigation for a case study in higher education. Thus, implementation and content aspects, as well as microlearning activities used in a computer graphics course are presented. The evaluation of the effect of microlearning activities, based on a comparison of the educational outcomes measured by the student grades, revealed the microlearning benefits in facilitating learning delivery.
76. NINA NOVIKOVA, PhD,
POLINA ANANCHENKOVA, PhD,
ELENA MOREEVA, PhD,
University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Novorossiysk,
Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Lobachevsky st., Moscow,
Russian State University named after A. N. Kosygin (Technology. Design. Art), Moscow,
Russia
tanm75[at]mail.ru
glavni-redactor[at]yandex.ru
emoreeva[\t]gmail.ru
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Distance learning from students' view: sociological analysis

Abstract: The effectiveness of the use of digital technologies, which began to be introduced into the universities educational process since the late 90s, is currently beyond doubt. Both the students and the teaching staff of educational institutions appreciated the opportunity to increase the degree of visibility of individual courses, to diversify the forms and methods of teaching and control. The changes also affected the forms of distance education: e-learning is successfully gaining the position of the traditional one.
In order to determine the attitude of students to DL and to the possibility of using it in the educational process of the university, we conducted a questionnaire survey of students of identical training directions, forms of study and course of 4 universities in Moscow and Novorossiysk. The questionnaire included questions about attitudes towards DL, existing DL experience, its "pros" and "cons", degree of satisfaction with the process and learning outcomes. The article presents some of the research results.
An important result of the study is the fact that a number of negative aspects of DL, noted in scientific research, are not taken into account or adequately assessed by students, for example, information security associated with the use of personal data, the effect of electric fields during long-term work with computer; in some cases, respondents note the poor quality of the study of teaching materials, the complexity of the language, which indicates the need for serious preparation of teaching materials, on the one hand, and the improvement of teaching methods, on the other.
77. NINA NOVIKOVA, PhD,
POLINA ANANCHENKOVA, PhD,
ELENA MOREEVA, PhD,
University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Novorossiysk,
Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Lobachevsky st., Moscow,
Russian State University named after A. N. Kosygin (Technology. Design. Art), Moscow,
Russia
tanm75[at]mail.ru
glavni-redactor[at]yandex.ru
emoreeva[\t]gmail.ru
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Transition to distance learning: psychological problems of the teacher’s adaptation to the new conditions of organizing the educational process

Abstract: Scientific and pedagogical workers, due to the specifics of their professional activities, are constantly in the process of updating existing knowledge and acquiring new one, improving their qualifications and professional skills.
In a situation of rapid transition to distance learning, teachers faced a number of organizational, methodological and psychological problems that complicated the implementation of online education.
Problems of a psychological nature include physical and mental fatigue, a general state of anxiety, and sometimes stress, insecurity in front of a video camera and anxiety in a video recording situation during an online lesson, loss of control over students, disciplinary problems and a number of others. It is clear that the amount of work carried out by teachers in the online learning environment has increased significantly.
The article presents the results of the author's research, the purpose of which is to assess the problems of a socio-psychological nature that teachers faced during the urgent transition to distance learning during the quarantine period due to the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic.
The data obtained make it possible to develop methods of psychological unloading and self-unloading, anti-stress practices that can be effectively used by teachers in conditions of increased stressfulness of work in a case of remote operation mode.
78. NINA NOVIKOVA, PhD,
POLINA ANANCHENKOVA, PhD,
ELENA MOREEVA, PhD,
University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Novorossiysk,
Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Lobachevsky st., Moscow,
Russian State University named after A. N. Kosygin (Technology. Design. Art), Moscow,
Russia
tanm75[at]mail.ru
glavni-redactor[at]yandex.ru
emoreeva[\t]gmail.ru
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Professional skills and competences of a teacher in the conditions of the transition to distance forms of learning

Abstract: The pandemic, declared by the World Health Organization as one of the main threats to humanity in 2019-2020, has already had an impact not only on the health care system and the global economy as a whole, but also on the education system around the world.
The adaptation of the pedagogical and student community - direct participants in this complex process - occurs at different speeds and with varying degrees of success. Before universal learning at a distance, it was believed that modern distance learning allows one to obtain higher education in a sufficient amount of knowledge in accordance with traditional university programs.
The authors of this article have set the task to study the experience of teachers in conducting distance learning under conditions of a high-speed transition to self-isolation, when all educational institutions of our country were closed for an indefinite period, and the resulting online mode of teaching.
The research was conducted by the method of semi-formalized interviews with teachers of educational institutions of secondary and higher professional education. The total number of interview participants is 144 people.
There are some main professional difficulties that were noted by the respondents:
- the need to develop students' skills of self-discipline and motivation among students;
- lack of personal contact with the students of the group;
- significantly increased amount of methodological work and time to prepare for classes;
- uninterrupted access to the Internet;
- insufficient level of computer competence;
- student identification and independence of assignments.
79. ELENA AKSENOVA, PhD Prof.,
The Research Institute of Health Care Organization and Medical Management of the Moscow Health Care Departmen, Moscow,
Russia
aksenovahome[at]yandex.ru
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Problems of using distance learning for training specialists for medicine and healthcare

Abstract: The main task of higher education is to provide professional competencies and skills that will allow a graduate of a university, with fundamental theoretical knowledge and practical experience, to integrate into the strategic needs of society and the state.
In countries such as Italy, Germany, Czech Republic, Spain, there are higher medical educational institutions that teach students remotely, but we are talking only about certain specialties.
Not every profession can be successfully mastered remotely. Medical education requires the mastering of a very large theoretical information and at the same time the mastering of complex practical skills and abilities, but it cannot be done without individual work at the patient's bedside, under the guidance of a teacher.
The paper presents an analysis of federal state educational programs and curricula for training specialists in medical universities of the Russian Federation for the possibility of transferring part of the educational process to a distance form. Using the method of semi-formalized interviews, a survey was conducted of teachers who indicated their position regarding distance learning for future medical workers.
It is concluded that higher medical education is a complex, laborious, time-consuming and various technological process, and the possibilities of distance learning in a medical university are specific and somehow limited. In full capacity, it is suitable only for certain types of activities of specialists, such as a diagnostician, or a pharmacologist, whose occupation does not require the development of special practical skills and work skills.
80. ELENA AKSENOVA, PhD Prof.,
The Research Institute of Health Care Organization and Medical Management of the Moscow Health Care Departmen, Moscow,
Russia
aksenovahome[at]yandex.ru
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Webinars as an effective form of distance learning for healthcare professionals

Abstract: The level of training of medical specialists has a significant impact on the quality of medical care provided to the population of the country, and the rational use of health system resources. Programs of postgraduate and additional professional education for medical specialists should take into account modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of diseases, the latest achievements of medical science, as well as the preventive orientation of patient management.
Webinars are one of the most promising areas for improving the skills of doctors. It have replaced such traditional forms of training as lectures and seminars, which represent a "disruptive" innovation. Webinars are widely used due to their low cost and high efficiency of training . In addition, they can be used to solve the problem of home education, compensate for students ' omissions from full-time classes.
The purpose of the article is to justify the expediency of conducting lectures in the format of webinars in the system of continuing medical education based on the results of the research conducted by the authors.
Based on the results of the author's research, it was concluded that the use of a webinar platform for conducting lectures on the cycles of professional retraining and advanced training of doctors is appropriate, since it allows students to study on-the-job and can be used as an effective pedagogical tool in the system of continuing medical education.
81. VIKTORIYA TONKONOG, PhD,
POLINA ANANCHENKOVA, PhD,
State Maritime University named after Admiral F.F. Ushakov. Novorossiysk,
Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Moscow,
Russia
tonkonogvv[at]yandex.ru
ananchenkova[at]yandex.ru
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Remote training of civil servants in the russian federation (results of a sociological study)

Abstract: The level of efficiency of state civil servants depends on ensuring the implementation of the main functions of the Russian state, as well as the resolution of its key tasks. As a result, the role and importance of the public service increases. Public service is considered as a professional service activity of citizens of the Russian Federation, aimed at ensuring the use of the powers of the Russian state and the powers of the subjects of the Russian Federation. The conduct of this state activity is assigned to certain officials.
In 2017-2018, specialists of the center for advanced training of the Moscow region conducted research among 1069 students-civil servants of the V-VII category, who passed distance training courses. The study participants were asked to anonymously assess the level of effectiveness of certification after passing distance training. Some results of the research are presented in the article.
The main issue of introducing modern forms of education remains ensuring quality distance education in the professional development of civil servants. Remote training courses for civil servants should be of a really high level: not only experts in a particular field should be involved in the development of courses, but also programmers-developers, graphic designers, and copywriters. It is important to guarantee the visibility, structure and conciseness of educational materials, and the availability of personalized practical cases. The training process should be accompanied by technical support and supervision by a mentor involved in the organization of training, as well as constant monitoring of feedback.
82. VIKTORIYA TONKONOG, PhD,
POLINA ANANCHENKOVA, PhD,
State Maritime University named after Admiral F.F. Ushakov. Novorossiysk,
Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Moscow,
Russia
tonkonogvv[at]yandex.ru
ananchenkova[at]yandex.ru
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: The use of remote technologies in the training of personnel of commercial companies

Abstract: The purpose of this work is to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of remote methods of personnel training in the practice of personnel work of Russian commercial companies.
According to the results of the author's research, in Russian commercial companies there is an excessive use of full-time forms of training, which increases the cost of both personnel and planning the training itself (travel, equipment, materials...). In this situation, as for many large companies, the main recommendation is the introduction of distance e-learning as a budget and effective alternative to attracting external trainers. Thus, we can speak about the wide recognition of digital training as an effective method of staff development, which at the same time reduces costs and increases the flexibility of the training process. Such disadvantages of the traditional process as distance from the Central office, separation from the workplace, the cost of individual introduction of an employee to a position after a long sick leave, etc. can be overcome with the development of the e-learning system. At the same time, this scheme also requires constant maintenance by teachers and administrators, which is the main prerequisite for the effectiveness of the activities carried out. Retraining of the current training staff of the enterprise for these positions allows you to save personnel, improving the company's commercial performance.
83. POLINA ANANCHENKOVA, PhD,
OLGA VOLKOVA, PhD,
Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Moscow,
Russia
volkovaoa[at]rambler.ru
ananchenkova[at]yandex.ru
Section: M&M
Title of paper: The usage of remote technologies in teaching children with motor diseases

Abstract: The problem of teaching children with musculoskeletal disorders remains open today. This is primarily due to the fact that the birth rate of children with this type of pathology continues to increase. Among children with motor impairment, the category of children with cerebral palsy stands out (from 3 to 7 per 1000 births). The pathological syndromes of infantile cerebral palsy affect not only the motor, but also the mental sphere.
Taking into account that many children with cerebral pathology have potentially intact prerequisites for the development of intelligence, it is necessary to form cognitive activity in babies, develop activities, various interests and motivation for learning.
Distance learning has a number of features that make it quite effective in working with people with disabilities and, in particular, with children with cerebral palsy.
The use of distance learning for children with motor pathology allows to take into account the needs, interests and capabilities of each child and to conduct classes at a convenient and suitable time for him. In addition, it allows an individual pace of advancement in the process of mastering the educational material.
84. POLINA ANANCHENKOVA, PhD,
Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Moscow,
Russia
ananchenkova[at]yandex.ru
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Possibilities of the internet in training medical students

Abstract: The article discusses one of the urgent problems of higher medical education - the use of the Internet resources in the process of professional training of medical students. The use of these resources in the classroom allows to increase the efficiency of the learning process and helps to improve professional competence.
Most students have significant Internet experience and use it for most of their academic work. Teachers can use this growing stream of electronic information as additional learning opportunities. Most researchers note that the use of the Internet resources helps medical students to improve their professional competence.
On the Internet it is possible to find practically all periodicals related to medical topics. The site https://www.rmj.ru/ presents the first independent publication for practicing doctors - "Russian Medical Journal", which offers materials for the development of medical skills.
On the website http: //медунивер.рф/, students can learn about distance learning courses. To study online, those wishing to receive additional education need only a computer or a tablet with the Internet access. In your personal account, you can select from the list of disciplines those that you want to study.
Thus, the use of the Internet resources in teaching medical students, used properly, can bring significant benefits to students and increase their level of professional competence. The Internet resources and other information technologies should not be considered as a universal cure for diseases of medical education. They should be used only fragmentarily, as part of a practical lesson, a lecture or some cycle.
85. GEORGIEVA KRASIMIRA, PhD Prof.,
KAZAKOVA MIGLENA, PhD Candidate,
BAYCHEVA STANKA, PhD Assist. Prof.,
Trakia University – Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
megitoni[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Application of Mobile Device as a Tool for Early Diagnosis of Diseases on Vine Leaves

Abstract: The search for new methods and technical tools for early diagnosis of diseases in vineyards, in order to adequately apply plant protection products, requires new knowledge and supplementation of existing solutions in this area. In the present work the possibility for early diagnosis of diseases on vineyards by using a built-in video sensor on mobile devices is tested. Spectral characteristics from the adaxial and abaxial sides of the leaves were used. From the comparative analyzes it was found that suitable for early diagnosis of diseases of vine plants are spectral characteristics obtained from the abaxial part of the leaves, reduced with latent variables and classified by nonlinear separating functions of the used classifiers.
86. NECTARA ELENA MIRCIOAGĂ, PhD Teacher. Eng.,
POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest, Associate Teacher, Training and Social Sciences Department,
Romania
nectara[at]gmail.com
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Identification of cultural dimensions specific to pre-university education

Abstract: This writing seeks to formulate a material that can provide more insight regarding the cultural dimensions of teachers, strengthening the possibility of developing specific training programs for the Romanian educational system.The thesis presents a case study based on the application and interpretation of a questionnaire which aims to establish the cultural dimensions of pre-university education.
87. NECTARA ELENA MIRCIOAGĂ, PhD Teacher. Eng.,
POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest, Associate Teacher, Training and Social Sciences Department,
Romania
nectara[at]gmail.com
Section: TECH
Title of paper: The perception of future STEM teachers on teaching experiences

Abstract: With the introduction of the teaching master's degree, a study on students' perception of pedagogical practice, on the teaching tools they can use to increase the attractiveness of the class, is also needed. In the paper are presented and interpreted, the results obtained based on the application of questionnaires aimed at determining the perception of future STEM teachers on teaching experiences, familiarization with terms like Flipped Classroom, Blended Learning, project-based investigation, Gamification. The paper is based on quantitative and quantitative research data, collected in October 2019-May 2020.
88. GONȚA IULIA, Assist. Lecturer,
Teacher Training and Social Sciences Department, Polytechnic University of Bucharest,
Romania
iuliagonta[at]gmail.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Online School from the Student's Perspective

Abstract: The success of an online school depends on how students manage to acquire new skills and knowledge. This process depends on many factors, and the problems that students face are diverse. In order to obtain quality in distance learning, we asked for feedback from students during the period when we switched to online learning. The students' answers were analyzed in this article, and the obtained results helped us maintain a high level of online schooling and the reputation of the institution on the one hand, and on the other hand, offer solutions on how to motivate students to study actively and end up with satisfied graduates.
89. ILADE CORNELIU CIPRIAN, Lecturer,
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department for Teachers’ Training, Focşani Branch,
Romania
corneliu.ilade[at]fpse.unibuc.ro
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: The dynamics between adolescents' perceptions and learning motivation

Abstract: There is no human action that is not determined by motivation or an entire motivational structure, which generate, lead and support that process initiated by man. In this sense, in the field of education a large number of psychological and pedagogical research conducted in the field of learning mechanisms have proven that motivation is at the basis of educational success. Also, the way a young person perceives school, learning, teacher’s activity and social success can influence the orientation and support of his actions. Any teacher should get to know the students he works with as well as possible, what determines them to make certain decisions, how the relationship between educational and social success is perceived, and the way young people perceive the role of learning in their personality development. This study aims to capture some of the dynamics that exist between learning motivation and these perceptions of high school students. The research considers a sample of 154 young people, aged between 14 and 19. The aim of the research is to capture the perceptions of high school students that influence the motivation of learning. The objectives of the research were the following: a) to identify the students' perception regarding the role of school in social success; b) establishing the perception of adolescents on the impact that school learning has, in the development of their personality; c) capturing the factors that determine, from the students' perspective, social success; d) identification of the factors that determine the student not to learn and of the factors that determine him to learn. The tool used in the research was the questionnaire. The results obtained can be the source of further debates and research so as to identify other nuances of interactions between motivation and students’ perceptions on various activities and social phenomena.
90. ALEXANDRU CRACIUN, BSc Student,
Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest,
Romania
alexandru.craciun[at]s.unibuc.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Quantum dot design with Julia programming language

Abstract: Julia programming language is used to design a program that constructs heterostructures. The user can choose from a preset of crystal unit cells and atom configurations or provide their own for the formation of the lattice. The shape of the heterostructure can be chosen from a set of predefined regular shapes (sphere, cone, cube, torus, etc.) or any function that properly delimitates a region of space can serve as an input. The program then computes the placement of the atoms and provides a 3D model for viewing. The numerical code may be used for introducing university students to the concept of symmetry of crystals and the Julia programming language.
91. OPREA MIHAELA, PhD Prof.,
VARTAN ALIN, Student,
VATAMANU PETRU, Student,
Department of Automatics, Computers and Electronics, Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti,
Romania
mihaela[at]upg-ploiesti.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Some Educational Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Real World Problem Solving

Abstract: Teaching the course of Artificial intelligence to undergraduate students can become more efficient when real world examples of applications developed as simulations are used in the form of educational resources. Such applications can be developed by students at their diploma project or at the semester project, under the supervision of the professor that teach the course of Artificial Intelligence who can distribute some thematic subjects according to the chapters of the course. Thus, next generation of students can learn from the experience of previous generation of students. The paper presents two educational applications of artificial intelligence to real world problem solving, developed by students from the Computer Science specialization of the Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti at their diploma project: an air pollution prediction system based on deep learning and a cooperative multi-robot system simulated in Webots.
92. DINEVA SNEJANA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Trakia University, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Food Technology, Yambol,
Bulgaria
snezhana.dineva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: The boost of environmental study on last decades

Abstract: The lockdown of COVID-19 has many severe influences worldwide in many different spheres of social live, including education, business, economics and nature. Many ecologists prior the virus pandemic disaster had warning about the high crisis levels of air and water contamination and evidences of climate changes. Subsequently after the first month of social isolation and decreasing of transport and industrial emissions the results coming up with reducing the harmful components from the atmosphere, as well as from the water. The pandemic situation boost collaboration of scientists and researchers all over the world with the common goal to reduce the negative impact of that human tragedy. The experience that was gained giving hope that with the common efforts the humankind can find the proper way to put effort on right direction for its development. The paper introduce and reveal the new sources base on the big Data services gathering information from satellites that are useful for researchers and further education.
93. DINEVA PETYA, PhD Assist. Prof.,
Trakia University,
Bulgaria
petya.dineva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Training in the Use of Elements and Details for the Design of Women's Jackets

Abstract: The purpose of this report is to trace the trends of the elements and details used in the design of women's jackets in the period 2017-2020 by examining the collections of world-famous designers and fashion houses. The results show that during the study period the use of decorative elements and those that shape the details of women's jackets has increased. New elements and unusual shapes appear, which create a new and different vision of the women's jacket from the one known so far. The results of the research can be applied in the training in the field of fashion and textile design.
94. PASKALEVA TANYA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
STOYKOVA VANYA, PhD Assoc. Prof.,
Trakia University, Faculty of Technics and Technologies,
Bulgaria
tanya.paskaleva[at]trakia-uni.bg
vanya.stoykova[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Innovative means and technologies for distant training and education of medical specialists

Abstract: The new pandemic situation has incurred serious challenges for the educational institutions, including the universities that train and educate healthcare specialists. The training and education of the nurses and midwives had to be realised distantly whilst using the opportunities of the contemporary ICT-based means for synchronous and asynchronous education.
The aim of the present report is to present the experience of the Branch Haskovo of the Trakia University - Stara Zagora in the field of using the information and communication technologies in the study process. There has been conducted analysis of the results from a questionnaire concerning the students' inclinations and their preferences during the distant conduct of their theoretical and practical classes.
95. BESSCHETNOVA OKSANA, PhD Prof.,
Department of Social Work, Russian State Social University,
Russia
oksanabesschetnova[at]yandex.ru
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: E-learning Technologies in Russian Higher Education System in a pandemic of COVID-19: Who is Guilty and What to Do?

Abstract: The article is devoted to the issue of functioning higher education system in Russia during a pandemic of COVID-19 which has covered most of the countries in the world, and led to different changes in all spheres of people’ lives, including higher education system.
The purpose of the study is the critical view on the quality of university education, making stress on some problems, caused by poor preparedness of all participants of educational process: university administration, faculty, students, etc. to an unexpected situation.
Despite the fact that modern youth actively use the advantages of the Internet for learning, development, recreation, communication and leisure, nevertheless, most of them faced many problems in mastering basic educational programs using e-learning technologies. Among others: difficulties managing time, which resulted in chronic academic failure and violation of the deadlines for completing assignments; the only computer with Internet access for all family members (siblings of school age; parents, working remotely); inequality in education due to the low quality of the Internet connection, undeveloped infrastructure especially in rural areas of the country; inadequate level of using e-learning technologies of academic staff in educational process.
96. FILIPOVIC FILIP, Researcher,
Department of e-business, Faculty of organizational science,
Serbia
filipovicfilip95[at]gmail.com
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: Application of Artificial Intelligence for Detecting Emotions in E-learning

Abstract: In this paper the authors study the problem of designing an application that recognizes student emotions to support e-learning. The main goal is to design and optimize the work of the application to effectively support the teaching process and improve the quality of learning. The developed application is based on modern web technologies, aimed at machine learning and fast communication. The application monitors reactions during the learning process and collects data on students' emotions. Based on these data, information was obtained about the student's interest in the field he is studying. Depending on the positive or negative reactions, the content is customized and served to weigh and follow the needs of the student.
97. JURCĂU RAMONA-NICULINA (1), PhD MD,
JURCĂU IOANA-MARIETA (2), PhD MD,
(1) Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, „Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca,
(2) Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children, Cluj-Napoca,
Romania
ramona_mj[at]yahoo.com
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Open-learning and e-portfolio versus classic-portfolio system for 1st year Medical Colleges students

Abstract: Background. The use of the electronic communication system is increasingly preferred, compared to the classical one, by medical students, including medical dental students (MDS).
Objective. The objective of the study was to evaluate how e-informative materials (EIM) versus classic-informative materials (CIM) system are perceived by 2st year MDS.
Materials and methods. 94 MDS voluntarily responded to a questionnaire with the topics such as:
compared to CP - how much they would prefer EIM; how helpful in their preparation EIM would be; how achievable EIM would be; how much EIM would improve teacher-student communication.
Results. Most MDS would prefer both EIM and CIM. MDS preferred CIM especially for learning and understanding information, because it confer them visual comfort and the ability to make annotations. EIM are especially preferred for quick readings and recapitulation of learned notions. MDS they consider that EIM would be more useful in their preparation, much easier to achieve, could improve teacher-student communication, EIM are also more practical, being accessible in several forms and easier to carry.
Conclusions. 1) MDS prefers both forms of information for training materials, EIM and CIM. 2) CIM is considered more comfortable visually. 3) MDS considers that EIM are more practical physically, offering the possibility of accessing information much diversified. 4) With all the electronic development, CIM remains an information form desired by the MDS, while EIM represents the quick and practical access option.
98. JURCĂU RAMONA-NICULINA (1), PhD MD,
JURCĂU IOANA-MARIETA (2), PhD MD,
COLCERIU NICOLAE-ALEXANDRU (3), PhD Eng,
KWAK DONG HUN (4), PhD,
(1) Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, „Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca,
(2) Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children, Cluj-Napoca,
(3) Faculty of Horticulture, University of Veterinary Medicine and Agricultural Sciences, Cluj-Napoca,
(4) Department of Asian Languages and Literatures, Faculty of Letters, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
Romania
ramona_mj[at]yahoo.com
Section: IntelEdu

Title of paper: Relationship between smartphone use and stress, approach from the PubMed publications perspective

Abstract: More than half of the world's population can easily access the Internet, more than 8 billion devices are connected simultaneously to the World Wide Web, using mobile phones. Many people carry smartphones with them during the day in order to interact between them in many locations, situations and moments.
There are platforms for health education and services that provide information on depression, anxiety and stress. Mobile applications are designed to manage weight, physical activity, depression, anxiety and stress.
Studies have used many different methods to measure self-assessed stress based on smartphones. Smartphone and stress studies have been conducted with populations of several continents: North America; Europe; Middle East - Lebanon, Turkey; Far East - China, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea.
Instead of conclusions. Smartphones play an essential role in everyday life, being useful in simplifying communication, entertainment, education and many daily activities. However, interaction with smartphones can, in some cases, lead to dangerous addiction patterns and stress. There is an association between depression, anxiety, stress and smartphone addiction. But the use of smartphones can not be limited to the category of young adults or students, rather it can be applicable to general adult population.

99. JURCĂU RAMONA-NICULINA (1), PhD MD,
JURCĂU IOANA-MARIETA (2), PhD MD,
COLCERIU NICOLAE-ALEXANDRU (3), PhD Eng,
KWAK DONG HUN (4), PhD,
(1) Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, „Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca,
(2) Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children, Cluj-Napoca,
(3) Faculty of Horticulture, University of Veterinary Medicine and Agricultural Sciences, Cluj-Napoca,
(4) Department of Asian Languages and Literatures, Faculty of Letters, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
Romania
ramona_mj[at]yahoo.com
Section: IntelEdu

Title of paper: Opinions of Romanian medical doctors regarding classic versus online training on Ginseng

Abstract: Background. Ginseng (GSG) is known in research and practice for its usefulness in stress modulation.
Objective. The objective of the study was to evaluate opinions of some Romanian medical doctors (MD) regarding classic training (CT) versus online training (OT) on GSG.
Materials and methods. MD with various medical specialties (n = 49 males, 44 women), without GSG training, voluntarily participated in response to a complex questionnaire, having the following topics (T): T1 - importance of medical education in GSG; T2 - use of GSG in prevention and therapy; T3 - application of GSG in medical practice of different specialties; T4 - use of GSG in oxidative and psychological stress; T5 - only classical training (CT), about GSG; T6 - only online training (OT), about GSG; T7 - combined classical and online training (COT), about GSG; T8 - what GSG themes would be indicated, as OT.
Results. Most of MD participants responded as follows: T1, medical education about GSG is important and necessary, if it is efficiently organized; T2, GSG may be useful in prevention and therapy; T3, MD participants do not apply GSG in their current medical practice, because they do not have the necessary training; T4, MD participants would like to know more and be able to apply GSG in oxidative and mental stress; T5, 31% of participants preferred CT; T6, 17% of participants preferred OT; T7, 42% of participants preferred COT; T8, OT favorite themes, were the theoretical ones.
Conclusions. 1) Assessed MDs have shown interest in GSG training. 2) MD participants would like to use GSG in stress. 3) Combined, classical and online training on GSG, is the most preferred by MD. 4) MD opted for online training of theoretical themes about GSG.
Keywords: classic training, online training, Ginseng, medical doctors

100. RADU RĂDESCU, PhD Professor
MĂLINA ANDREEA ROȘU, Master degree student
Applied Electronics and Information Engineering Department, University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest,
Romania
radu.radescu[a]upb.ro
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: Learning tool for applying static vulnerability analysis of office documents based on automatically extracted information from the associated macro code

Abstract: The idea from which this paper started is the interest for the learning part of the security elements of Office documents, but also the one related to the main vectors of infection of ordinary users. This field is constantly evolving and therefore learning to use any automated tool can be useful for both users and those who work actively with malware components to make their work easier. The notion of machine learning implies the need for minimal human interaction in order to achieve certain objectives presented from the beginning. The paper aims to present the steps taken in implementing and learning the application of an automatic tool for analyzing Office documents based on information automatically extracted from the macro code associated with them. To complete the implementation of this tool, notions of Machine Learning were used, but the learning process involves the accumulation of experience in malware analysis, notions of programming in the Python language and many other IT knowledge.

Compound File Binary Format (CFBF) files are those that are based on storing multiple file structures (streams) inside a single parent file, as is the case with Office files. Normally, a regular user recognizes the type of files by their extension, but a common way of infecting it is to change the file extension in order to fool the user and influence him to open a malicious file faster. Many documents come in the form of images, although they are not basically images, but executable files or malicious documents. This is possible due to the fact that the operating system runs the files in different programs, depending on the signature of the file or its "magic number", after which any type of file is recognized by the computer. This field is usually represented by the first bits of the file that are used by the operating system to know with which program to open a file.

This paper focuses primarily on specific Microsoft Office formats for Word and Excel applications. Macro code is essentially a piece of code written in the Visual Basic for Application (VBA) programming language. Its original purpose was to help automate certain tasks in a document, such as opening a new sheet in Excel, while recalculating a formula. Malware found multiple vulnerabilities, which they exploited. The malicious behavior comes from the fact that the existing activity in the mail servers has increased exponentially. Another very serious problem was that before the macros in a document were run automatically, so that users were infected by simply opening the document. This changed with the introduction of the enable / disable property. This means that macros are disabled by default, and to activate them the user must follow an optional step to request this. Through VBA code, a document can interact with the entire system, having access to the console, powershell, internet connection, dll upload, etc., so accessing system functions, all through a few lines of code.

Because such code is very easy to understand and therefore detectable by AV companies malware developers have resorted to other methods to make the code more complex and difficult to understand. One of these methods is obfuscation. Obfuscation is the deliberate act of making it difficult to understand a code by replacing it with confusing and ambiguous language without changing its functionality. Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence that aims to learn computers, based on various mathematical calculations, to draw certain conclusions automatically, without human influence. There are a lot of machine learning algorithms, each with different efficiencies and accuracies, depending on the purpose and how they are used.

In this paper, the results of four different algorithms were compared:
NB – Naive Bayes
SVM – Support Vector Machine
MLP – Multilayer Perceptron
RF – Random Forest

The final result of this paper is a learning tool implemented in the Python programming language that has an Office document at the input, and at the output, a MALWARE/CLEAN verdict obtained from various automatic classifications made by it. In the case of Office documents, the desire to obfuscate in 99% of cases hides malicious intentions. Only files with a very high degree of obfuscation were used in the obfuscation class in the dataset. The paper presents the steps taken to implement a tool for learning to apply static analysis of the vulnerability of Office documents based on information automatically extracted from the associated macro code. In most cases, the obfuscated code is also malicious, and the experimental results of the paper prove the detection efficiency by applying the detection and protection methods proposed in this paper.


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