ICVL 2019

Accepted Abstract List


Last updated: 2019-08-17

ICVL motto - C3VIP: "Consistency-Competence-Clarity-Vision-Innovation-Performance"


The full paper to be developed and submitted by SEPTEMBER 10 (at vlada[at]fmi.unibuc.ro)


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ICVL Objective: To promote and develop scientific research for e-Learning, Educational Software and Virtual Reality. To promote and implement the modern ideas for both the initial and continuing education, to promote the team based working, to attract and integrate the young graduates in the Research and Development projects, to promote and implement ICT for initial and adult education activities.
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NEWS:News and Events NOTE: According to ICVL policy every author of a plagiarism based rejection is banned to send future materials to the conference.

Nr.crt. / Id.

Name, Title, Affiliation, Country

Section, Title of paper, Abstract of paper

1. RESERVED, Section: M&M
Title of paper: Reserved

Abstract:
2. ADRIAN ADĂSCĂLIȚEI(1), PhD
CONSTANTIN CUCOȘ (2), PhD
MARIN VLADA (3), PhD
(1)Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Technical University ”Gh. Asachi”, Iași
(2)Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, ”Al. I. Cuza” University, Iași
(3) University of Bucharest
adrian.adascalitei[at]gmail.com
cucos[at]uaic.ro
vlada[at]fmi.unibuc.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Blended Teaching and Learning and Implementation of Online Laboratories in STEM Education Using a Virtual Learning Environment

Abstract:
3. VLADA MARIN, PhD Assoc. Professor,
University of Bucharest,
România
vlada[at]fmi.unibuc.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: ROINFO "Romanian Informatics" Project

Abstract: The article describes ...
4. ZLATEV ZLATIN (1), PhD Assoc. Prof.
STURM BARBARA(2), Researcher
STOYKOVA, VANYA(1), PhD Assoc. Prof.
(1) Trakia University Bulgaria, Trakia University,
Bulgaria
(2)Process and Systems Engineering Group Germany
zlatin.zlatev[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Implementation of a Document Camera as an Information Tool for Obtaining Optical Characteristics of Food Products

Abstract: The Document-camera as an easily accessible additional device to an interactive presentation system can be used not only in its core function as a visualization tool but also as a device used in the analysis of food and technical products. The aim of the article is to offer a model of an accessible system for obtaining and processing spectral and hyperspectral data, which is also suitable for training in this field. The experimental setup consists of a personal computer with software for obtaining and processing images in the visible and near infrared ranges of the spectrum. The two-dimensional pseudo-images depicted at different wavelengths can be used to examine the composition of the product. With the document-camera can be obtained hypercubes of food products to be used for the training purposes. The comparative analysis using synthetic and real data showed that the developed document-camera model is approaching opportunities for research-confirmed spectrophotometers, with the advantage that with its accessibility it can be applied in the training activity in training for working with a specialized laboratory which is not publicly available. An accessible document-camera model is proposed, for obtaining and processing spectral and hyperspectral data, which is appropriate and can also be used as a learning tool in this area.
5. GEORGIEVA-NIKOLOVA MARIYA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
STOYKOVA VANIYA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
Trakia University Bulgaria, Trakia University,
Bulgaria
maria_bogomilova[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Application of a document camera as a technique which makes training attractive

Abstract: Measuring of geometric dimensions of eggs is important in terms of their incubation, packaging, transport, and sorting. The use of video cameras in contactless determination of both geometric dimensions and the mass and volume of eggs has been the subject of research in recent years. In the process of training of zoo engineers and specialists in the field of poultry farming, it is necessary to introduce lectures and practical exercises related to the use of such contactless methods to the training of engineers in this field. A comparative analysis has been made of the possibility of using document cameras for measuring basic egg sizes. It has been found that high-end consumer class document cameras can be used for contactless measurement of egg sizes because they results obtained are close to those obtained with using calipers. The usage of web cameras for measuring egg sizes is inappropriate because measurements are error-prone up to 20%. Such cameras could be suitable for learning and demonstration purposes.
6. GEORGIEVA KRASIMIRA, PhD Prof.
KAZAKOVA, MIGLENA, PhD Assistant Prof.
Trakia University Bulgaria, Trakia University,
Bulgaria
megitoni[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Application of a Document Camera for Vine Leaves Color Measurement

Abstract: This report presents some applications and in the use of e-learning systems, and accessories. The application of active teaching methods and use of information technologies with interactive tools, providing active involvement of the students in training, leads to considerable interest and improvement in the quality of teaching and learning. After conversion from RGB 12 color components are obtained in HSV, Lab and LCH color models. Selection of informative color components was made by Fisher discriminant ratio function. For classification a discriminant analysis was used. The assessment of the classifier was made by general classification error. The research can be continued by conducting a survey among learners to assess the effectiveness of using this methodology and document camera with which each learner can work individually.
7. DIMITROVA ANTOANETA, Assistant Prof.
Trakia University Bulgaria,
Bulgaria
adimitrova77[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Adaptation of Experimental Equipment for Training in Electrical Machines

Abstract: An analysis of the adaptation of digital teaching materials and technical devices in the engineering and laboratory courses in the training of electrical machines is presented. The European programs in the Bulgarian universities have gained experience, mainly from producers in European countries. Bulgaria has a long tradition of training in the use of electric machines. The individual courses used in the training are adapted to the curriculum of the subject Electrical Machines, with a view to their effective application and acquiring specific knowledge, skills and competences by the students. A method by which digital educational materials and technical tools are a useful is proposed as a tool for achieving better involvement of students in the learning process. This will require continuous additional efforts by the teaching staff and constant updating of their specific digital competences. The study can be continued by conducting a study among students to assess the effectiveness of using the proposed methodology.
8. ILIEVA JULIETA (1), Assistant Prof.
MILUSHEVA GENOVEVA (2), PhD student
(1) Trakia University,
(2) University of Ruse,
Bulgaria
zhulieta.ilieva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Application of Geometric Elements in Fabric Design Training

Abstract: This report analyzes the possible implementation of computer-generated geometric elements in the textile design training. A review of the available solutions in this area is proposed. A survey was conducted among students on the acceptability of computer-generated geometric elements. Some basic concepts, their application and their role in the online whiteboard exercise are explored. These tools are important from the point of view of modern design training methods.
9. IVANOV ATANAS,
Peter Yovchev & Sons Ltd.,
Bulgaria
zhulieta.ilieva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Application of A Traffic Light System for Public Transport Vehicle Drivers Training

Abstract: The present work analyzes the possibility of application a traffic light system for the training of drivers of public transport vehicles. A component of a graphical user interface is developed for driver assistance system with aim to improve passenger comfort. The results obtained can be used for evaluation and guidance to improve the style of driving, which leads to improvement of the parameters of the transport process.
10. ROTĂRESCU VIOLETA ȘTEFANIA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences,
Romania
rotarescu.violeta[at]gmail.com
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: A blended-learning program in Conflict peer-mediation for Romanian gymnasium students

Abstract: The need for solving conflicts in schools increased in the last years. School conflicts between students, and not only, are directly linked to the ratio of school leave, and to the level of satisfaction every student has.
A comprehensive program in training peer mediation skills, designated for gymnasium cycle students, was made. It consists of a 60-hour blended learning training for teachers supervising the students, a 16-hour face-to-face training for students, a Methodology for the school management, a Trainer book, and a Student book.
A pilot study for this program was performed, showing a notable positive change in school climate. Results and challenges will be further discussed.
11. CHIRCA RUXANDRA, PhD Lecturer
PÂNIȘOARĂ GEORGETA, PhD Prof.
GHIȚĂ MARINA-CRISTINA, PhD Lecturer
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences,
Romania
chircaruxandra[at]yahoo.com
Section: TECH
Title of paper: The use of digitall resources in modern parenting

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the importance of digital resources in modern parenting. The current social framework has become grounds for the rapid development of everything fallen under the umbrella of ‘digital device’. For a large number of families, and parents implicitly, technology has grown into a prevalent part of their day-to-day lives. On these lines, an essential objective of the present research is to identify the advantages and disadvantages of Internet usage in modern parenting. The subjects of this study were 60 young parents, coming from urban areas, all of them graduates of higher education institutions. The research method used for this study was the questionnaire-based survey, which was applied online. The questionnaire included items with a Likert response-scale, as well as items with open-ended questions. The data obtained were processed in SPSS Statistics. The results showed a high level of Internet usage in nowadays parenting, in activities ranging from finding information on the web to even attending online courses.
12. TRIF VICTORIȚA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences,
Romania
victoriatrif[at]yahoo.com
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Moral Codes and Virtual Learning

Abstract: This article examines the dilemmas, constraints and contradictions of virtual educational spaces from the view of moral codes. Ethics topic is vital for the contemporary educational experience and the literature in the fieldwork discusses a wide range of topics: integrity versus dishonesty, academic misconduct among online assessment, disconnections of communications, unfamiliar reasoning, temptations, unethical behaviors, etc. This qualitative investigation is a typical meta-analysis that answers to the question of how to learn in the virtual space with honesty. There are reviewed 20 studies from the literature in the fieldwork in order to explore the moral characteristics of technological environment. The data collected by qualitative method are connected to the following objectives of the research: 1) what are the most important moral dissonances that create psychological tensions and 2) how to justify the tolerance of dishonesty. The findings illustrate the efforts of the educational communities to conciliate objective and subjective educational experiences for reinterpreting the relationship between ethics and internet. The results demonstrate that care, fairness and professional codes enriches the formal and informal communication. To conclude, virtual learning could be related to the moral commitments, justice and with notion of humanness.
13. PISICĂ OLIVIA, Assistant Prof.
Polytechnic University of Bucharest - Training and Social Sciences Department,
Romania
meope.tudorica.olivia[at]gmail.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Management learning technical disciplines in the age of digital technology

Abstract: The present paper has as a starting point the following question: what extent is the student aided and teaches with the help of technology certain technical disciplines?
We start from the idea that management can be defined as the sum of all activities, actions, methods, results, management and organization of sequences necessary for the learning process and we conclude that any scientific content correlated with a digital technical part produces effects positive long term effects medium and long term on the main cognitive acquisitions.
Academic learning requires a carefully planned and organized planning to successfully achieve all the objectives proposed by assimilating theoretical information and practical skills. To convey knowledge means that teachers are teaching students to learn. Knowing how to learn is an ability that we developing and practice throughout our learning / life, and it is often the one that makes the difference in terms of school, academic and later professional results.
The paper brings to the fore the pedagogical techniques of learning the technical disciplines with the help of the technology by applying modern didactic methods meant to develop cooperation and control skills at the students.
14. CARMEN TITA, PhD Prof.
"Gh. Asachi" Tehnical University of Iasi, Faculty of Textile, Leather and Industrial Management, Iasi
Romania
carmen.tita[at]tuiasi.ro
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Applications of e-Learning in textile and leather engineering education

Abstract: The article proposes a comparative review of applications that could be used in e-learning platform for Faculty of Textiles and Leather and Management Industrial students, in order to identify the advantages and disadvantages. Performing this analysis, on how to integrate these applications into the online environment and applying them to higher education will be able to generate a series of results. This will be discussed and could made recommendations and suggestions for the implementation of such software in the courses of the future students in the textile and leather industry. The difficulty of approaching is because e-learning in engineering is not extensively used in current educational practice, being just a few attempts based on applications such as: applications available for online study, e-books and tutorials Moodle (http://moodle.org), WebCT/Blackboard (http://www.blacboard.com); applications which allow learning objects such as simulations, structured lessons, animations as MERLOT (http://www.merlot.org) and JORUM (https:www.jorum.ac.uk/) or WireFusion (https://wirefusion.soft112.com); and multi-user, dynamic and interactive learning environments allowing constructive learning, Finesse (Michaelson, 2003) and WiFi Virtual Laboratory (Allison et al., 2008). Integration on these platforms of software specific to the textile and leather education such as: Assyst, OptiTex, FlexSim, Gerber, Nei Nastran, TexGen, OptiTex 3D, Clo 3D, presents to students a number of advantages or disadvantages of the educational process. Identify how these applications can be used using cloud architecture, e-learning technologies through XenServer, who is an enterprise-ready, cloud-proven virtualization platform that contains all the capabilities required to create and manage a virtual infrastructure and provides an efficient management (Williams 2007) is another objective of this paper.
15. PARASCHIVEANU VIRGIL, PhD Executive Director
Center for Applied Education,
Romania
virgil.paraschiveanu[at]gmail.com
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Higher education' reputation management. Practical guide for improving universities' global rankings

Abstract: The purpose of this review is to explore the nature of reputation management literature in higher education and observe the factors that contribute to so-called “reputation pedagogy” among education marketing practitioners, brand reputation researchers as well as core education actors, such as decision makers, rectors, students and teachers. The article will explore the concept of branding in the context of higher education, brand reputation management and the importance of branding in the higher education sector. We will direct our effort towards definition of a growth strategy impacting brand reputation management by higher education institutions’ brand value, international rankings and value to learning and education innovation.
16. SHIVACHEVA-PINEDA IVANKA, PhD Prof.
Faculty of Education, Trakia University - Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
ivanka.shivacheva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Challenges to designing tests to e-evaluate the theoretical training of students in pedagogical disciplines

Abstract: The paper examines the challenges of designing tests to e-evaluate the theoretical training of students in pedagogical disciplines. The motives for choosing certain types of electronic didactic tests are analysed; the difficulties and limitations in their creation depending on the nature of the curriculum, the type of questions (tasks) and the components of competence assessed. E-evaluation is realized through the e-learning platform Moodle. The results of this form of control and comparative analysis are presented according to the type of questions (tasks). Finally, conclusions are drawn on the applicability and effectiveness of this type of examination in the theoretical training of pedagogical specialists.
17. PEHLIVANOVA TANYA (1), PhD Assoc. Prof.
KANCHEV KAMEN (2), Student
(1)Trakia University of Stara Zagora,
(2) Sofia University,
Bulgaria
tanya.pehlivanova[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Мethod for Automated Generating of Test Questions in Moodle

Abstract: The interest in electronic tests for assessment of the students' knowledge is increasing continuously. The reason for this is their many advantages. However, they have some disadvantages. Part of the problems that appears in evaluating with electronic tests are the mechanical memorization of the correct answers and the possibility for cheating. The development of the modern digital technologies and devices facilitates the leakage and access to the test questions and gives the ability to the students to learn only them, rather than the learning content.
Мethod for automated generating of test questions which reduces the impact of these disadvantages is proposed in this article.

18. BAYCHEVA STANKA, Assistant Prof.
ZLATEV, ZLATIN, PhD Assoc. Prof.
Trakia University of Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
tania.gt[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Application of Mobile Devices in The Training of Aromatic Products Analysis from Essential Oil Plants

Abstract: In the present work an analysis is made of the possibility of measuring the color of aromatic products of the white oregano essential oil using the cell phone camera. An analysis of the color change of essential oils and white oregano extracts obtained from wild plants was made directly after drying. A comparative analysis was made between cell phone camera and spectrophotometer measurements. The results show that the use of digital camera images on a cell phone is a practical method for quantitative color determination in laboratory conditions when conducting practical exercises on analysis of aromatic products from essential oil plants.

19. DINEVA SNEJANA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
Food Technology, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Trakia University of Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
snezhana.dineva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: The importance of visualization in e-learning courses

Abstract: Good E-courses always should contain visuals. All types of visuals are important and help researchers and learners to achieve their goals. Applying visualizations to tough topics benefits both teachers and students, helping them to cope with difficult new matter, as well as leading to profounder understanding. If we support students by implementing visual learning materials their performance are risen. The results of our practices on different subjects demonstrated that students achieved better performance on exams, when visuals methods are used during learning process.

Keywords: E-courses; E-Learning; Visualization

20. DINEVA SNEJANA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
VESELINA NEDEVA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
ZLATOELI DUCHEVA, PhD Assistant Prof.
Food Technology, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Trakia University of Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
snezhana.dineva[at]trakia-uni.bg
zl.ducheva[at]abv.bg
veselina.nedeva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Digital Generation and Visualization in e-Learning

Abstract: In the new ages we are faced with the internet or digital generation that are a digital native grown up and acquires innovative and adequate methods to be put in practice for working and training them. The paper is based on the training in the subjects "Programming and Use of Computers", "Food Contaminants", “Microbiology”, “Biochemistry“ and "Ecology", for students of Bachelor's and Master’s degree in the period from 2016 to 2018 school years. The age analyses reveal that students undergoing FTT training are mainly from Y and Z generation. The report analyzes the effectiveness and the opportunity of unlimited on-line visual resources to educate well our generation and the putting into practice of those approaches in Faculty of Technics and Technology – Yambol. There is no doubt that the e-courses give opening a study subject to be presented in depth, logically and thought-provoking way. Many studies showed that new generation students prefer blend learning instead of traditional one, and that they don’t like reading of books, instead of that they favor a learning in active manner combining all types of possible information resources applying in their activity. Most of all of course they like chat, video games or movies, as well as any kind of visualization. Therefor applying visualizations to tough topics ever benefits both teachers and students to attain deep understanding and to manage with the novel information. If we support students by implementing video manuals and they watch it before lessons or exercises, they came to the schoolroom with better confident that already have some training. The results of our practice and investigation displayed that students achieved better performance on exams when visuals methods drawing their attention are used during learning process, and that they are more motivated to attend lectures, like discussions, as well as actively to cooperate with the lecturers.

Keywords: digital generation; e-Learning; visualization; Python tutor; Programming

21. ZLATOELI DUCHEVA, PhD Assistant Prof.
Food Technology, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Trakia University of Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
zl.ducheva[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Readiness and attitudes for self-development of students' digital competences

Abstract: Continuously growing competition between companies not only in Europe but also globally, their desire to develop depend both - on innovation and effective use of ICT, but also on the quality of training of the workforce. The initiatives and European Union policies are aimed at improving digital skills and lifelong learning in the frame of Employment policies of the EU.
Undisputed is the fact that the development of the digital competence of engineers is a key moment in their preparation. The report examines the integrative nature of digital competences. The input level of the digital competences of the students, who are preparing at the Faculty of Technics and Technology - Yambol, is analyzed. An attempt has been made to track their attitudes and readiness to develop their digital competences not only in the course of learning but also in the aspect of lifelong learning.

22. CHISALITA-CRETU MARIA-CAMELIA, PhD Lecturer
Computer Science Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca,
Romania
cretu[at]cs.ubbcluj.ro
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: Domain Testing Applied with Emphasis on Variable Constraints

Abstract: Domain testing is a test design technique that focuses on the variables the program uses. It emphasizes a systematic sampling approach to the test case design that provides powerful test cases while keeping the number of test cases acceptable. The paper details the aspects required to accomplish domain analysis on variables. The domain testing schema is applied to GnuCash Reconcile Account function with focus on the existing constraints among variables.

23. TANEVA IRA, PhD Assistant Prof.
Trakia University of Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
ira_64[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: The Use of MOODLE in the Discipline “Chemistry of Natural Compounds”

Abstract: The course in the subject "Chemistry of Natural Compounds" is aimed at acquainting the students of Food Technology at the Faculty of Technics and Technology – Yambol, Bulgaria with the main classes of natural organic compounds. The four short thematic blocks aim to pass on the basic knowledge needed to work with regular expressions. The texts are brief because, on the one hand, it is a demonstration course, and on the other hand, in asynchronous learning, the attention of students is difficult to focus on a topic for a longer time. For this reason, the division of content into four short modules was chosen as the most appropriate, followed by a knowledge test. The course on "Chemistry of Natural Compounds" can be used both separately and as a complement to lectures and exercises.

24. DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA, PhD Prof.
URSU COSMINA-DANIELA, M.Sc. Student
ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
VOICU CRISTINA-GEORGIANA, PhD
Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca
Romanian Geographical Society, Iași Subsidiary,
“Titu Maiorescu” Secondary School, Iaşi,
Romania
dulama[at]upcmail.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Increasing Generation Z Geography Students’ Learning through Didactic Films, in University

Abstract: The aim of this research was to identify improvements and adaptations of the support electronic materials realised for Generation Z students – the digital natives – in order to help them learn the Didactics of Geography. To achieve this aim, together with students at the Faculty of Geography, Babeș-Bolyai University, in Cluj-Napoca, who attended Level II of the Psychological and Pedagogical Programme, we realised a series of didactic films and we created, on Facebook, the closed discussion group titled “Didactic Films”. Our objective was that 2nd year students who attended Level I of the same programme learnt to analyse the contents of certain didactic materials (photographs, schematic drawings, charts, maps, and the geographical globe) together with students from the pre-university system. For in-depth learning, for each film posted on the discussion group, we associated several questions to identify the used didactic methods, their role in organising the learning process and in increasing learning efficiency.

25. RUS GEORGE-MIHAI, PhD Student
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA, PhD Prof.
URSU COSMINA-DANIELA, M.Sc. Student
ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
COLCER ALEXANDRA-MARIA, PhD Student
JUCU IOAN SEBASTIAN (1), PhD Lecturer
HORVATH CSABA, PhD Lecturer
Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca
(1) West University of Timișoara,
Romania
colcer_alexandra[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Online Apps, Web Sources and Electronic Devices: Learning through Discovery about Iara Valley

Abstract: Geography university students and their professors realise often research of certain unknown places in a direct manner. At present, the Internet offers very many sources that may be used in research and there are plenty of applications that enable us learn about the terrestrial space. During this research, we used the method of learning through discovery, and Google Maps and Google Street View for obtaining information as well as for assessing the one from other web sources. We were able to establish the degree to which we found the answers for a specific case study: a primary exploration of Valea Ierii Commune. We used the Internet facilities for researching the territory of this commune. For in-depth knowledge of this area, we realised field research in which we compared the information from web sources with the ones obtained through direct observation of the research area. In addition, we realised a series of measurements, we discussed with the inhabitants and specialists working in the respective commune and we eventually confronted our conclusions with the ones of several experts and with the ones in specialty studies. Finally, we identified the benefits and the drawbacks of geographical research using the present Information and Communication Technology.

26. MIHAI BOGDAN, PhD Assoc.Prof.
Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu,
Romania
mihai.bogdan[at]ulbsibiu.ro
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Monitoring and Alarming System for an Gas Central Heating Boiler

Abstract: Gas detectors have the role of warning in the case of natural gas escapes, to prevent intoxication, explosions or fires.
The aim of this paper is to make a functional system in terms of hardware and software, to monitor any gases emitted by an gas central heating boiler, as well as to shut down the gas supply to the boiler and to ventilate the room where the boiler is located. The system is also equipped with a vibration sensor to detect a possible earthquake, in which case the gas supply is also turned off.
Programming of the microcontroller is done using the LabVIEW graphical programming language.
The electrical layout of the project was done in EasyEDA, which is a software used to design, simulate and PCBs realization.

27. MIHAI BOGDAN, PhD Assoc.Prof.
Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu,
Romania
mihai.bogdan[at]ulbsibiu.ro
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Greenhouse Monitoring and Control of Temperature and Soil Moisture

Abstract: Monitoring and controlling the temperature and humidity in a greenhouse is essential for increasing productivity, reducing energy consumption, increasing efficiency and reducing production and storage losses. In cold stores, vegetable and fruit storage, greenhouses, and so on, it is necessary to maintain a certain temperature and humidity.
The purpose of this paper is to design and implement a low cost system intended in terms of hardware and software, to make the monitoring and controlling the temperature and humidity in a greenhouse. This system will be built using the Arduino Uno development platform, and programming will be done using the LabVIEW graphical programming. Hardware resources that will be used in the paper are: Arduino Uno, an LM35 Precision Centigrade Temperature Sensors, an Soil moisture sensors that measure the volumetric water content in soil, an DC 12V Brushless Cooling Fan, a breadboard, 3 LEDS and 3 x suitable resistors for to limit the current through LEDs (220 Ohms is fine) and connecting wires.
The results will be displayed through the serial interface on the computer, in the LabVIEW program.
The electrical layout of the project was done in EasyEDA, which is a software used to design, simulate and PCBs realization.

28. VESELINA NEDEVA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
SNEJANA DINEVA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
Trakia University, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
veselina.nedeva[at]trakia-uni.bg
snezhana.dineva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Improve critical thinking skills for students of FTT – Yambol

Abstract: The critical thinking is an important skill, especially nowadays, when huge amount of information bomb the young, every day, through the web net. The aim of paper is to describe and introduce the main qualities of critical thinking and how the abilities of well-developed VLE help for successfully growth of critical thinkers. Also the good practices that are used to boost critical thinking are discussed.

Keywords: e-learning, critical thinking, good practices

29. ZOLTAN RAMONA ANGELICA GEORGIANA, Student
MAGDAȘ IOANA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA, PhD Prof.
Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca,
Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education,
Romania
magdas_ioana[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Using smart board in pre-university education in Romania

Abstract: In pre-university education in Romania there is an increasing interest in the provision of schools with smart boards, and teachers are preoccupied to use them in didactic activity in order to increase the efficiency of teaching, learning and evaluation. In order to know the teachers' opinions about the use of smart board in the classroom, we applied a questionnaire made in Google Drives. It was completed by 30 teachers teaching various educational subjects at all levels of education. We have collected data about: building competence to use smart board; access to the smart board; frequency of use; the educational disciplines to which it is most commonly used; the typology and weight of the teaching activities in which it is used; ways of using it; effects on learners; the advantages and disadvantages of using it. The results indicate: the predominant use of smart board in urban schools; teachers learn to use it mainly through individual study and discovery learning; various benefits for students and teachers, as well as certain difficulties caused by adaptation to technology.

30. MAGDAȘ IOANA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
ZOLTAN RAMONA ANGELICA GEORGIANA, Student
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA, PhD Prof.
Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca,
Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education,
Romania
magdas_ioana[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Modalities of using the smart board in elearning to Mathematics and environmental exploration

Abstract: The purpose of this research is to analyse the efficiency of smart board use in the lessons of Mathematics and Environmental Exploration to the 2nd grade. To achieve the research objectives, we organized a psycho-pedagogical experiment on a sample of 30 students who formed an experimental group and a control group. After applying the initial test to the two groups, in the experimental group we organized a formative intervention during 20 lessons at the unit ”Life environments in Romania”. In these lessons we used smart board to accomplish more goals and activities: transmitting new knowledge; acquiring skills; knowledge fixation and systematization; showing movies; using the digital manual; annotations over visual support; writing and drawing on the smart board; realizing of graphic organizers and sketches for lessons; using of educational software; computer games; "digital" evaluation. During the formative experiment, we analysed the teaching, learning and evaluation process and student results. To identify the differences between the two groups as a result of the learning activities we used the smart board, we applied a final test. The results indicate benefits (increasing the level of the results in the experimental group, the formation of more accurate and diversified representations), but also some difficulties (great time resources for documentation, design and preparation of activities).

31. MAGDAȘ IOANA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
SANDA VEREȘ, Student
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA, PhD Prof.
Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca,
Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education,
Romania
magdas_ioana[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: The role and effectiveness of digital products in instruction at Mathematics and Environmental Exploration

Abstract: In this paper we studied the opinions of one hundred teachers from Sălaj county regarding the role of educational software and PPT presentations in math lessons in the preparatory class and their efficiency. Data was gathered through the survey method. The survey was made in Google Forms on Google Drive and contains 2 open questions and 14 Likert scale questions. We have collected data on several aspects: the typology of used digital materials; frequency of use; the progress made by students; positive aspects and identified negative aspects of using digital educational materials. Some conclusions have been reached: the regular use of digital educational materials determines the increase in the mathematics interest of students in the preparatory class; through the use of diversified educational digital materials, children are stimulated for cognitive training by solving various tasks, which leads to their performance improvement; the use of digital didactic materials is effective in transmitting new knowledge, enhancing learned skills, and transferring information between different areas of knowledge.

32. DESPOT KATERINA (1), PhD Prof.
SANDEVA VASKA (1), PhD Prof.
VASILEV MIROSLAV (2), PhD Prof.
(1)Goce Delcev University, R. N. Macedonia,
(2)Trakia University,
Bulgaria
miro8611[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Specific Opportunities for Visualization a Reason for Modern Interior Design Education

Abstract: The design of furniture today is as important as the spatial planning of an object, its structure, materials and walls. This condition is due to the fact that contemporary architecture truly reflects the life habits and social organization of today. The activity of modern design is enriched with new features and tasks that lead to its differentiation, and from there, we notice changes in the theory and practice of design education. The type of seating position is a challenge for analysis and processing, as well as studying seating positions for different purposes depending on the specific seating position and the need for how long it is used. The review is based on the design of chairs in the symphony orchestra as a specific way of sitting for performing a certain work activity.

33. ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
MAROȘI ZOLTAN, PhD Student
ADOREAN EMANUEL-CRISTIAN, PhD Student
URSU COSMINA-DANIELA, MSc Student
KOBULNICZKY BÉLA, MSc Student
DULAMĂ MARIA ELIZA, PhD Prof.
COLCER ALEXANDRA-MARIA, PhD Student
Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca
Romania
ilovanoana[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: E-Learning Urban Landscape Changes Using Digital Mapping

Abstract: This paper is based on the research results of an internal fellowship project implemented in July and August 2019 by Associate Professor Oana-Ramona Ilovan, Ph.D., and supported by the STAR-UBB Institute (The Institute of Advanced Studies in Science and Technology), belonging to Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The project is titled “Digital Cluj-Napoca: Enabling Learning and Research by Integrating the Most Recent Trends for Learning about and Using Urban Areas”. The aim of this project was to create a free online digital product (i.e. an interactive map) to be used by Geography university students and their professors during the educational process within contemporary Human and Regional Geography, when studying the theory of representations. This interactive map is created for Cluj-Napoca and it (re)presents the urban changes it has undergone from late 19th century to the present day, using diverse images and text as media for obtaining the necessary information (photographs, remote sensing images, Google street view, mass-media articles, etc.). Our focus was on industrial sites. For this paper, we chose two of them: Ursus Beer Factory and Flacăra Clothing Factory. Using the product ensures correct learning of the proposed concepts and research methodologies characteristic of the theory of representations and it supports students’ development of their critical thinking and professional skills for territorial analysis.

34. NAKOV GJORE, Asistant Prof.
Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, University of Ruse “Angel Kanchev”, Branch Razgrad,
Bulgaria
gnakov[at]uni-ruse.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Application of Color Analysis in Bread-Technology Training

Abstract: The work suggested the use of a scanner as a technical presentation and measurement learning tool. The advantage of using a scanner for color measurement compared to a document camera is supported by an analysis of the similarity of colors obtained with a standard colorimeter. The scanner can be used when conducting classroom exercises in bread and bakery technology. Using the proposed equipment can be solved pedagogical tasks related to the integration of knowledge from the field of technical sciences and information technologies, as well as the formation of research skills for work with measuring equipment.

35. DINEVA PETYA,PhD Prof.
Trakia University,
Bulgaria
petiadineva68[at]abv.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Learning of Silhouette Shapes in Women's Clothing

Abstract: The purpose of this report is to track trends in the silhouettes used in women's outerwear for the period 2016-2019 by exploring the collections of a number of world-famous designers and fashion houses. As a result, it can be concluded that after a period of highly expressive female image in romantic style with emphasis on the waist, a geometric style encompasses a straight silhouette with a lack of waistline emphasis, geometric details in a sporty style. The results can be used in training in the field of textile and fashion design.

36. ATANASOVA PETYA,PhD Prof.
Trakia University,
Bulgaria
petya.atanasova[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Learning of Foreign Direct Investment and Their Impact on Main Economic Indicators of the Region

Abstract: Modern economic analysis training shows that it is necessary to analyze foreign investment that has a direct impact on employment in the regions. The most significant highlight is in small and underdeveloped areas, as supporting a business in a particular sector or opening a foreign company has a significant impact on unemployment and key macroeconomic indicators. The impact of such a local factor can be highlighted through a structural analysis to identify which sector of the economy has the highest weight at the regional level. The examination of the economic situation in an area as a result of investments from abroad gives information on changes in sector employment and gross domestic product.

37. DINEVA SNEJANA,PhD Assoc. Prof.
Food Technology, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Trakia University - Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
snezhana.dineva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: New technologies and teaching ecology

Abstract: The free web-based resources are tremendously helpful in our new digital decades to teachers and students for developing and reaching good quality education in almost all possible spheres of knowledge. One of the most important missions of any research organization is to spread a knowledge. The research organizations and new technologies offers great possibilities to improve the quality of teaching by open educational channels and implementing supportive interactive materials and activities in classroom.

Keywords: e-learning, ecology education, supportive interactive materials

38. GRBIĆ ILIJA, Assoc. Teaching
STANKOVIĆ MILAN, Assoc. Teaching
KUPUSINAC ALEKSANDAR,PhD Assoc. Prof.
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences,
Republic of Serbia
ilijagrbic[at]uns.ac.rs
milan.s[at]uns.ac.rs
sasak[at]uns.ac.rs
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: Use of semantic web technologies for interactive learning

Abstract: The first steps of becoming proficient in any field present a great challenge to any aspiring student. There is usually a considerable amount of new, connected concepts and terms present in the literature that slow down the learning progress. Lectures almost always require familiarity with prior terms used in the course materials. That is precisely why there is a strong motivation for introducing modern teaching technologies. Applied semantic web represent a prominent way to ease some of the burden put on students. In this paper we present a new solution to the beforementioned problem. Our solution is based on the use of ontologies for explaining related therms in an intuitive way. We combine three computer science ontologies and created a tool to make learning computer science as effortless as possible. The same principles presented here can be applied in any field where it’s main concepts and knowledge can be represented as an ontology.

39. IONESCU ANATA-FLAVIA, PhD Candidate
Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics, Ovidius Univerity of Constanta,
Romania
anata.ionescu[at]univ-ovidius.ro
Section: TECH
Title of paper: E-learning as a Service: Benefits of the Semantic Web and SOA for Virtual Learning

Abstract: Despite a growing body of literature in the field, several challenges in designing open educational systems still remain. To achieve desiderata such as openness and flexibility, e-learning systems often make use of the semantic web and service oriented architecture (SOA) design principles. This paper offers a brief review of guidelines, standards, tools, and software solutions for the development of semantic web-based e-learning applications or platforms. Potential benefits of integrating additional, less commonly used models and tools are also discussed.

40. IONESCU ANATA-FLAVIA, PhD Candidate
Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics, Ovidius Univerity of Constanta,
Romania
anata.ionescu[at]univ-ovidius.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Designing Virtual Learning Systems: Current Trends and Evaluation

Abstract: A growing number of virtual learning systems implement adaptive and/or intelligent behaviors. In this context, at least two issues can be identified. First, there is a need to establish which adaptive and intelligent features are more effective, and under what conditions. Second, the extent to which such features can be used without detriment to the pedagogical aspects. The paper surveys design patterns for adaptive and intelligent learning systems, as well as quantitative and qualitative criteria used for evaluating these systems, with a special focus on the latter. We also provide a discussion of the advantages and limits of automated adaptivity/intelligence in the learning process.

41. NEDEVA VESELINA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
Faculty of Technics and Technology - Yambol, Trakia University of Stara Zagora,
Bulgania
veselina.nedeva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Design Automated Assessment of Code in Programming: a Task Analysis

Abstract: The report presents and analyzes the opportunities offered by the CodeRunner and Virtual Programming Lab (VPL) Moodle plugins in teaching students in the programming disciplines studied. Blended learning is using the Moodle virtual environment in the Faculty of Technics and Technologies - Yambol. We have used three types of automated assessment in the tasks: Quizzes in Moodle, Question types Code Running with automated assessment and programming exercises by the Moodle plugin Virtual Programming Lab. The paper describes and analyzes our experience for preparing tasks for the students and in the creation of quizzes, using a different type of question. The accent is a CodeRunner question type that allows teachers to run a program in order to build a student's answer. With VPL we have to conduct an online exam where we can make the final grade of students. In this case, we can check student programs for plagiarism. In conclusion, we discuss how to use the Moodle virtual learning environment and these plugins and to create and conduct programming assignment in online programming courses.

Keywords: Moodle, CodeRunner, VPL, automated assessment, e-learning, blend learning

42. MIRON ECATERINA-LILIANA , PhD
Faculty of Air Space Security Systems “Henri Coanda” Air Force Academy,
Romania
ec.l.miron[at]gmail.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Systems for aerial surveillance and security – a step forward for air force academies

Abstract: The paper is a report in brief of the project that “Henri Coanda” Air Force Academy, in collaboration with partners from Poland and Bulgaria, carried out under the aegis of the Erasmus + program of the European Union by the end of 2018. The project was called Systems for Aerial Surveillance and Security (SASS). The project proposed the initiation of a process of uniformization of competences necessary for the people involved in the field of aviation, namely obtaining a joint study plan for pilots, air traffic controllers, air surveillance officers [3]. It opened the way for cooperation between the Air Force Academies that began a joint semester of study. Achieving the objectives of the project meant introducing an on-line teaching/learning system based on an e-Learning platform. The e-Learning features have been fully utilized through the introduction of a videoconference system that allows teaching/learning activities for professors/students at a distance. The completion of the project was carried out by evaluating the results obtained at different stages. The analysis was based on the feedback from the main target groups - students, teachers and beneficiaries of the graduates. Two periods of teacher and student mobility were required for evaluation and analysis. The students’ and teachers' opinions on the implementation of the curriculum by means of the e-Learning platform were analyzed in detail.

43. BELOIU ROBERT, PhD Asooc. Prof.
Electronics, Computers and Electrical Engineering, University of Pitesti,
Romania
robertbeloiu[at]gmail.com
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: Fire simulation software

Abstract: This paper presents few software tools for fire simulation environment, like FDS, Blender FDS and Pyrosim. FDS is the standard fire simulation software that many other software programs refer to. The program developed with FDS is a text written tool, that sometimes presents difficulties to the beginner user.
Blender FDS is an open source GUI interface for FDS program. This program facilitates the combination of the free Blender program with the fire simulation program. Thus, the operator does not have to be concerned about text defining parameters of the simulated environment. Pyrosim is a commercial GUI for the FDS fire simulation tool.

44. BELOIU ROBERT, PhD Asooc. Prof.
Electronics, Computers and Electrical Engineering, University of Pitesti,
Romania
robertbeloiu[at]gmail.com
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Gaming simulator and industrial software tandem for industrial applications

Abstract: In the context of Industry 4.0 environment, simulation of industrial applications is the topic of today’s headlines of major companies and universities. All the actors involved in production industries are interested in verifying their proposed solutions both hardware as well as software before installation in the field.
The gaming companies develops industrial environmental simulation software with the purpose that the users will learn how to develop control program for different installations.
This article’s purpose is to present some software solutions for industrial simulation installations. They work in tandem with commercial programs, thus the user being able to develop a complete solution.

45. RADU ADRIANA(1), Teacher
GRIGORE IONEL(2), PhD Teacher
MIRON CRISTINA(3), PhD Assoc. Prof.
(1) “Mihai Viteazul” National College, Ploieşti,
(2) “Ion Luca Caragiale” National College, Ploieşti,
(3) Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest, Bucharest-Măgurele,
Romania
grigore_1965[at]yahoo.com
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Mathcad interactive didactic tools for calculating the magnetic force

Abstract: This paper describes two interactive didactic tools, made with Mathcad worksheets, for the calculation of the magnetic force acting on a current-carrying wire, placed in a uniform magnetic field. The first tool deals with the case of a straight wire whereas the second one deals with the case of a wire in the shape of a circular arc. The wire-magnetic field configuration is specified in the input data by means of a Cartesian coordinate system. It shows how the Mathcad vectorial computing facilities can be explored, and in particular the use of the cross product. The orthogonality of vectors the length-wire, magnetic induction and magnetic force are verified and some particular cases of guiding the wire to the magnetic field are analyzed. The paper also highlights the friendly interface of Mathcad and its ease of use in solving Physics problems. The classroom use of these tools helps students develop their skills of vector calculus and mathematical analysis in the study of electromagnetic phenomena. Thus, students can clarify the concept of cross product and can make a first step towards understanding the concept of line integral.

46. GRIGORE IONEL(1), PhD Teacher
RADU ADRIANA(1), PhD Teacher
MIRON CRISTINA(2), PhD Assoc. Prof.
(1) “Ion Luca Caragiale” National College, Ploieşti,
(2) Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest, Bucharest-Măgurele,
Romania
grigore_1965[at]yahoo.com
Section: IntelEdu
Title of paper: Examples of using Excel spreadsheets to calculate the gravitational force

Abstract: This paper describes two didactic tools made with the help of Excel spreadsheets that allow the calculation of the gravitational attraction force between two bodies. With the first tool we can calculate the gravitational force between a point mass and a thin uniform rod. With the second tool, built by modifying and expanding the first tool in the spreadsheet, we can calculate the gravitational force between two thin uniform rods. The spatial configuration of the bodies in the two situations is specified in the input data. The results are obtained both analytically and numerically in order to be compared to each other. The advantage of the classroom use of these tools lies in the ability to easily solve a gravitational field problem with a higher degree of difficulty through the facilities provided by the spreadsheet. The calculation of the gravitational force in the spreadsheet also provides a good opportunity to familiarize students with the concept of definite integral. Thus, by using the first tool, students can get acquainted with the simple integral, while by using the second one with the double integral.

47. PEHLIVANOVA TANYA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
Trakia University–Stara Zagora,
Bulgaria
tanya.pehlivanova[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Prevention of Cheating when Using Quizzes in Moodle

Abstract: Development of technologies is permanently changing people's lives. This inevitably affects the education. It gives a great power to the lecturers and opportunities to apply new methods for learning and assessing students, but it also creates a huge responsibility for them. Modern students have a completely different way of thinking and learning. Their access to science, literature, art is easier than any generation before them. Often, they use technologies better than their lecturers. Possessing the power of knowledge about new technologies, some of them are tempted to apply their knowledge for cheating on the exams.
This article presents classification of the new methods of cheating when evaluating with electronic tests in Moodle and proposes technological, organizational, methodical and psychological measures to prevent them.

48. BELOIU ROBERT, PhD Assoc. Prof.
Electronics, Computers and Electrical Engineering, University of Pitesti,
Romania
robertbeloiu[at]gmail.com
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Technological objects in automation programming

Abstract: In automation programming there are tools named “Technological objects” that could be considered as predefined functions that can ease the programming task of a user. Particularly there are one of these tools with application for certain types of robots.
This article presents one dedicated tool included in Tia Portal package developed by Siemens. The topic is to simulate 2D and 3D Cartesian manipulators that have a wide range of applications in industry.

49. BELOIU ROBERT, PhD Assoc. Prof.
Electronics, Computers and Electrical Engineering, University of Pitesti,
Romania
robertbeloiu[at]gmail.com
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Software tools for logical equations in robotics programming

Abstract: Robot programming involves treatment of signals of different kind. A vast majority of signals are BOOL types. For developing programs, it is necessary to develop logical relations between various input and output signals. This requires logic equation manipulation: developing, minimizing, logic-gate implementation, contact implementation, etc. If the number of signals is small (usually less than 4) then minimization can be implemented by hand quite accurate and reasonably fast. If the number of signals rises, then the minimization and logic implementation gets quite laborious.
This article presents some tools that ease the effort of a regular user of logic signals. Also it presents the state of the art of software package used in robot simulation for logic equation verification.

50. GHEORGHE-DANIEL VOINEA, PhD student
RĂZVAN GABRIEL BOBOC, Researcher
FLORIN GÎRBACIA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
CRISTIAN-CEZAR POSTELNICU, PhD Lecturer
Department of Automotive and Transport Engineering, Transilvania University of Brasov,
Romania
daniel.voinea[at]unitbv.ro
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Technology acceptance of a hybrid brain-computer interface for instruction manual browsing

Abstract: The aim of this research was to evaluate the participants’ level of acceptance of a hybrid brain-computer interface (hBCI) for instruction manual browsing, using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). The proposed application uses Tobii X120 for eye-tracking and the g.Nautilus biosignal amplifier with g.Sahara dry electrodes for electroencephalography (EEG) signal acquisition. Eye-tracking is used to navigate through the content of an instruction manual by selecting different types of buttons (next page, previous page, zoom in, zoom out, etc.), while the biosignals are used in an EEG-P300 speller interface to enter a text to be searched within the manual.
The experiment consists of three phases: system calibration, task familiarization and evaluation. During the first phase the participant is informed about the scope of the experiment, the procedure and then calibration data are acquired. The second phase consists of a series of training tasks which aim to familiarize the user with all the functionalities of the application. Once the participant is confident in using the hybrid application, he is required to perform an evaluation task which consists of a series of complex mixed eye-tracking and EEG selections to navigate through the instruction manual.
After the experiment the participants are asked to evaluate the application by completing the TAM questionnaire. The results showed an above average acceptance of the proposed hBCI. The findings are encouraging as the users expressed high levels of interest towards the proposed interaction paradigm. In conclusion, it can be stated that the alternative input methods used in the present study could be used to improve e-learning platforms by offering interactive browsing and adaptive content.

51. RĂZVAN GABRIEL BOBOC, Researcher
FLORIN GÎRBACIA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
CRISTIAN-CEZAR POSTELNICU, PhD Lecturer
GHEORGHE-DANIEL VOINEA, PhD student
Department of Automotive and Transport Engineering, Transilvania University of Brasov,
Romania
razvan.boboc[at]unitbv.ro
Section: TECH
Title of paper: Usability assessment of a multimodal hybrid interface for robotic arm command

Abstract: This paper presents the usability assessment of a multimodal hybrid interface (MHI) that allows robotic arm manipulation based on movements of the eyes, the EEG biopotentials and hand gestures performed by the user. The key advantage of the proposed MHI is that it allows users to manipulate objects in a controlled environment using a 6-DOF Jaco robotic arm through a minimalist series of actions.
The usability of the proposed MHI interface was evaluated by conducting a series of trials with subjects carrying out a standard robotic arm pick and place operation. The architecture of the MHI prototype includes a g.Nautilus biosignal amplifier with g.Sahara dry electrodes for electroencephalography (EEG) signal acquisition, Tobii X120 for gaze tracking and a Leap Motion controller for hand movements and gestures recognition. A webcam is used to video stream the robotic arm’s working environment on a computer monitor, the users’ being able to select an object from the scene using an identification method based on the eye-tracking and biopotentials. Following the selection process the robotic arm will automatically position itself to the object’s location, and then the user will manipulate it by performing natural hand movements. To assess the usability of the system the participants were asked to complete the System Usability Scale (SUS) 10 items questionnaire. The results showed an above average SUS score, the participants managing to successfully complete the required tasks. Such an interface could be used in the training of operators for remote robotic manipulation tasks.

52. ILOVAN OANA-RAMONA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
Faculty of Geography, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
Romania
ilovanoana[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Web-based Learning and Visual Imagery in Studying the Urban Landscape of Cluj-Napoca

Abstract: Due to technological progress and ever-lower costs in accessing and using the abundant online information, the academia is more prone to use an increasing variety of digital materials to enable students learn Geography. Our research focuses on assessing, at the university level, the usefulness for Geography students’ education and training of the information – visual imagery – hosted by websites selling picture postcards of the cities in Romania, mainly representations circulated during the socialist period (1948-1989). We considered the opportunity to create a coherent scientific study, using as a case study the landscape changes of Cluj-Napoca and the way they were rendered by representations in picture postcards, along the 20th century. This study concludes with recommendations for research with picture postcards from such web sources, in comparison to accessing similar information, in a printed form, available in libraries, archives, and personal collections.

53. OPREA MIHAELA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
Department of Automatic Control, Computers and Electronics, Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti,
Romania
m_oprea[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Onto-DeclarProg: An Educational Ontology for Declarative Programming

Abstract: Software development efficiency is dependent on the right programming paradigm selection. Thus, it is important to understand the characteristics of each paradigm in order to make the best option. Educational ontologies on programming paradigms can offer the support for a more informed selection. The paper presents such an educational ontology on declarative programming, Onto-DeclarProg, that was implemented in Protégé and integrates two ontologies that were previously developed, one on logic programming (LogicProgramming-Teaching-Onto) and one on functional programming (FunctionProg-Onto). The methodology that was applied to ontology development is described. Also, some examples of applications are discussed.

54. OPREA MIHAELA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
Department of Automatic Control, Computers and Electronics, Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti,
Romania
m_oprea[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: On the Development of a Student Evaluation Model

Abstract: Academic student evaluation for a certain discipline from the university curricula involves a variety of assessments (such as laboratory work, periodical tests, projects assessment, final examination) that need to be integrated in the final mark by keeping also the objective vision related to the whole group of students that studied that discipline. Starting from this observation, we have developed a preliminary form of a student evaluation model that is presented in the paper. An example of model application is also detailed

55. OPREA MIHAELA, PhD Assoc. Prof.
ILA ALINA, Student
NEAGU STEFAN, Student
ZAMAN CATALIN, Student
Department of Automatic Control, Computers and Electronics, Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti,
Romania
m_oprea[at]yahoo.com
Section: M&M
Title of paper: On the Development of Educational Applications of Artificial Intelligence

Abstract: Artificial intelligence provides a variety of methods and techniques that can be applied with success to real world systems (e.g. environmental pollution monitoring systems, industrial systems). Experimenting such methods and techniques first on some educational applications would improve the performance of further developed real systems that are based on them. The paper presents some educational applications that apply different approaches of artificial intelligence (such as reinforcement learning - a machine learning technique, pattern recognition methods, agent-based modelling).

56. VISAN ANDREEA MARIA, Assistant Prof.
ALMASAN HELLEN BEATRICE, Lector
LOGOFATU BOGDAN CONSTANTIN, PhD Prof.
University of Bucharest, Direction of Distance Education,
Romania
andreea.visan[at]credis.unibuc.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: Social media in the educational environment. What? How? Why?

Abstract: In the last years especially, the development of new technologies has strongly influenced the lifestyle of the population, drawing new directions in social, economic and cultural life, both in developed and least developed countries. In a relatively short period of time, the use of social media applications in teaching - learning - evaluation activities has become one of the major trends in contemporary education.
Social media has become a growing phenomenon with many and varied boundaries in public and academic use. In this context, one of the natural questions is: "How do we select and implement a social media application in the educational process?".
The purpose of this article is trying to draw some possible answers to this question, answers formulated based on our own experiences but also on other studies in specialized literature.
Synthesizing the information we can say that the innovations in this field come from the developers and not from the users, thus the selection process is strongly influenced by the popularity of an application, popularity which can fluctuate quickly thus making the selection process more difficult.
At the same time, the criteria under which these applications are analyzed do not concern the pedagogical side in depth, but rather the informal environment for which they are developed.
And yet teachers use social media applications in the educational process. What application is best? How? Why? These are just a few of the questions we will try to answer in this article.

57. SHIVACHEVA, GALYA, Assistant Prof.
Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Technics and Technologies, Yambol,
Bulgaria
galya.shivacheva[at]trakia-uni.bg
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: Structure Design of the Control Test Examples in Solving Programming Tasks

Abstract: The report presents a software tool suitable for programming training. A description of a part of the implemented environment of the type of Virtual Laboratory for Teaching Programming, related to the design of data input and output, as structure and functionality. Designing the structure of input and output data is an essential element when writing code, and designing specific values of input and output data for validation. Moodle Virtual Programming Lab can be used to automatically test and evaluate a computer program code in programming training, and to design and evaluate the structure of input and output data and to create a file of specific input and output values in the format used in this Moodle module to use in the created website.

58. DULEA CORINA, PhD Student
CPSDN, IFIN-HH; University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics,
Romania
icorina[at]nipne.ro
Section: M&M
Title of paper: An e-learning method for distance measurement experiments

Abstract: It is necessary nowadays for education to combine traditional methods with modern ones, based on elearning, especially in schools where physics laboratories do not exist or are inadequately equipped.
The paper aims to facilitate the understanding by the students of the process of measuring distances, processing of experimental data, finalizing the experiment with a report of the laboratory work.
All of these are performed in Articulated Storyline software and used by students through the ILIAS elearning platform.

59. RADU RĂDESCU, PhD Prof.
Applied Electronics and Information Engineering Department, Univerity POLITEHNICA of Bucharest,
Romania
rradescu[at]gmail.com
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: An e-learning application for the study of data compression based on Delta Transformation

Abstract: This paper proposes a study on the online learning process of applying Delta transformation, Delta compression and remote file synchronization. The e-learning application was developed in the Matlab R2008b working environment and treats both Delta transformation and Delta compression. For Delta compression, the chosen implementation is original, with a detailed documentation of the algorithm at the level of description and implementation. Because the purpose of the e-learning application is a didactic one, highlighting the mechanisms of operation and interpretation of the algorithms, it was developed the possibility to enter input data from both the keyboard and from text files, as well as the detailed display of the tables for transformation, compression and histograms for the texts used. The category of input data has been restricted to text data because they are the most intuitive and can be easily analyzed. The compression performance obtained is not exceptional, but the role of the application is purely didactic, of study and online learning.

60. RADU RĂDESCU, PhD Prof.
Applied Electronics and Information Engineering Department, Univerity POLITEHNICA of Bucharest,
Romania
rradescu[at]gmail.com
Section: SOFT
Title of paper: E-work platform for automatic creation and intelligent management of tasks in collaborative applications

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to describe the design of a web application for the study of management for the activities of an IT company, in order to facilitate the work of the students in practice, the trainees and the employees, as well as to improve the process of internal development of human resources. The proposed system is focused on planning, organizing and improving performance in collaborative and learning work applications. The management application is built in such a way as to provide a friendly interface and to be as easy to use, considering that teamwork is an important factor for the success of any project. As a result, developing an efficient and well-trained team is one of the essential responsibilities of project managers. Teamwork enhances the results of each member, so that the overall result is better than the individual contributions of each member. In order to promote high performance and efficient teamwork, it is necessary to clearly define the project objectives for all its members and to create the conditions ensuring that all participants understand the assigned tasks. Last but not least, it is important to encourage collaboration within the project, represented by feedback. As a result, a compact application is required, which has functionalities for managing tasks and improving performance. The main objective of the project is to provide a software solution for an IT company with educational tasks. This solution has the role of facilitating the teamwork through the complex functionalities that it provides.


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About CNIV and ICVL: Strong scientific events create and promote values

CNIV and ICVL are scientific events promoting innovative technologies and methodologies in education, research and lifelong improvement, both in the pre-university and university milieu, and in the economic sector, too. Structured and organized by European principles and International standards, the two projects promote implementation of modern ideas in the initial education and continuous training, encourage and promote teamwork and collaborative activities, scientific methods and experiments, creative thinking and intuition, arguing, and proving.